Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Ericameria nauseosa, Rubber Rabbitbrush

Ericameria nauseosa, Rubber Rabbitbrush, Southwest Desert Flora Ericameria nauseosa, Rubber Rabbitbrush, Southwest Desert Flora Ericameria nauseosa, Rubber Rabbitbrush, Southwest Desert Flora     Ericameria nauseosa, Rubber Rabbitbrush

Scientific Name: Ericameria nauseosa
Common Name: Rubber Rabbitbrush
Also Called: Goldenbush
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Chrysothamnus nauseosus, Chrysothamnus nauseosus ssp. uintahensis, Chrysothamnus nauseosus ssp. viscosus, Chrysothamnus nauseosus var. uintahensis)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: 6 feet or more.
Growth Form: Shrub, subshrub; large, aromatic, highly variable, stems erect, ascending or spreading, stems and branches woody or herbaceous, green, gray or white, both greenish and whitish varieties.
Leaves: Green; alternate; dense, glandular, thread-like (filiform) to narrowly linear.
Flower Color: Yellow; many small heads in clusters, flower heads on tips of stems, discoid ray flowers absent, disk flowers with 4 to 6 flowers.
Flowering Season: July to November.
Elevation: 2,000 to 8,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Rubber Rabbitbrush is found in upland deserts or semi-deserts, sagebrush communities and grasslands, prefers alkaline soil, disturbed areas.
Recorded Range: Western half of North America. Found in northern, eastern and southern Arizona.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Ericameria nauseosa.

U.S. Weed Information: Ericameria nauseosa is listed in Weeds of the West. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available

Genus Information: In North America there are 33 species and 33 accepted taxa overall for Ericameria. Worldwide, The Plant List includes 39 accepted species names and a further 244 of infraspecific rank for the genus.

In the Southwestern United States: Arizona has 8 species of Ericameria, California has 22 species, Nevada has 15 species, New Mexico has 4 species, Texas has 2 species, Utah has 13 species. Hybrids exist. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

There are 24 sub-species and 22 varieties in Ericameria nauseosa.

Comments: Rubber Rabbitbrush is a native plant classified as a weed. It is a western species that is extremely variable in appearance with a complex taxonomic status that includes 24 sub-species and 22 varieties.

Rubber Rabbitbrush is a bright yellow late summer, fall bloomer that grows well in arid environments. Because of its low water requirements and compatibility with heavy alkaline soils it is often used in desert landscapes to achieve a more natural look.

As with other species of Ericameria, Rubber Rabbitbush attracts birds and insects.

As a whole, the members of the genus Ericameria are generally referred to as Goldenbush, Turpentine Bush, Rabbitbrush and Rabbitbush. They all were formerly described as Aplopappus, Haplopappus or Chrysothamnus.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see Narrowleaf Goldenbush, Ericameria linearifolia and Turpentine Bush, Ericameria laricifolia.

Date Profile Completed: 06/17/2012, rev. 08/03/2012; Updated, 07/25/2015, updated 05/23/2017
References:
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960,Univsity of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, as Chrysothamnus nauseosus.
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 05/22/2017)
https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=ERICA2&display=31
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 05/22/2017).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Compositae/Ericameria/
Lowell E. Urbatsch, Loran C. Anderson, Roland P. Roberts, Kurt M. Neubig, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Ericameria, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 06/17/2012)
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/