Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush

Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush, Southwest Desert Flora Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush, Southwest Desert Flora Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush, Southwest Desert Flora    Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush


Scientific Name: Ericameria laricifolia
Common Name: Turpentine Bush
Also Called: Ericameria, Turpentine Brush and Turpentinebush
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Aplopappus laricifolius, Haplopappus laricifolius)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 3 feet.
Growth Form: Shrub, subshrub; stems erect or ascending, shrubby looking plant, inconspicuous, glandular, mostly hairless and aromatic (smells like turpentine).
Leaves: Small dark green, glandular, numerous and dense, narrowly linear, filiform or needle-like.
Flower Color: Golden bright yellow; radiate heads, ray flowers 3 to 6, disk flowers 6 or more, plant covered with bright yellow blooms.
Flowering Season: August to November.
Elevation: 3,000 to 6,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: More of an upland desert species, sunny open areas, pinyon-juniper and chaparral communities, slopes, canyons, mesas and dry desert washes.
Recorded Range: Turpentine Bush is found in the Southwestern United States in AZ, CA, NM, NV, TX and UT. It is also native to Baja California and northern Mexico. In Arizona Turpentine Bush occurs in the central, southern and western parts of the state.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Ericameria laricifolia.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available

Genus Information: In North America there are 33 species and 33 accepted taxa overall for Ericameria. Worldwide, The Plant List includes 39 accepted species names and a further 244 of infraspecific rank for the genus.

In the Southwestern United States: Arizona has 8 species of Ericameria, California has 22 species, Nevada has 15 species, New Mexico has 4 species, Texas has 2 species, Utah has 13 species. Hybrids exist. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

Comments: One of the more common plants found in Arizona above 3,000 that bloom bright yellow flowers in late summer and early fall. It grows well in arid environments and dry alkaline soil and is often used in desert landscapes to achieve a more natural look. Birds and insects readily feed on Turpentine Bush and other species of Ericameria.

As a whole, the members of the genus Ericameria are generally referred to as Goldenbush, Turpentine Bush, Rabbitbrush and Rabbitbush. They all were formerly described as Aplopappus, Haplopappus or Chrysothamnus.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see Narrowleaf Goldenbush, Ericameria linearifolia and Rubber Rabbitbush, Ericameria nauseosa.

Date Profile Completed: 06/16/2012, rev. 08/03/2012; Updated, 07/25/2015, updated 05/23/2017
References:
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960,University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, as Aplopappus laricifolius.
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 05/22/2017)
https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=ERICA2&display=31
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 05/22/2017).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Compositae/Ericameria/
The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html Fri Aug 3 08:52:28 2012
Lowell E. Urbatsch, Loran C. Anderson, Roland P. Roberts, Kurt M. Neubig, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Ericameria, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 08/03/20128)
Wikipedia contributors. "Ericameria." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 Feb. 2014. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/