Solanum heterodoxum, Melon Leaf Nightshade
Scientific Name: Solanum heterodoxum
Common Name: Melon Leaf Nightshade
Also Called: Melon-leaf Nightshade, Melonleaf Nightshade
Family: Solanaceae, Nightshade or Potato Family
Size: Up to 2 feet more or less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; plant pubescent, heavily armed with relatively long sharp straw colored prickles.
Leaves: Green; alternate; leaf segments broadly ovate to obovate or deltoid, deeply dissected, pinnatifid or twice-pinnatifid.
Flower Color: Violet to blue; flowers somewhat zygomorphic; calyx campanulate; corolla with stellate hairs; stamens not equal in length; anthers oblong and in 2 sizes, lower-most longer, purple-tinged, curved in at the tip, the upper anthers shorter and yellow; styles slender and longer than the anthers; fruit a berry.
Flowering Season: June to October.
Elevation: 2,000 to 5,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Roadsides, silty, sandy or gravelly soils of dunes, streambeds, washes, and open hillsides.
Recorded Range: Solanum heterodoxum is found within the southwest United States (AZ, CA, NM, TX) and in CO, ID, IL. It is also native to central and northern Mexico. In Arizona it is found mainly in Cochise, Maricopa and Yavapai counties.
North America & US County Distribution Map for Solanum heterodoxum.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: In North America Solanum xanti is
In the Southwestern United States, Arizona there are 18 species of Solanum, in California there are 30 species, Nevada has 8 species, New Mexico has 16 species, Texas has 27 species, Utah has 11 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.
There are 3 varieties in Solanum heterodoxum;
Solanum heterodoxum var. heterodoxum, Melonleaf Nightshade (NM, IL);
Solanum heterodoxum var. novomexicanum, New Mexican Nightshade (NM);
Solanum heterodoxum var. setigeroides, Melonleaf Nightshade (AZ, CA, CO, ID, NM, TX).
Comments: In Southwest Desert Flora also see: American Black Nightshade, Solanum americanum, Silverleaf Nightshade, Solanum elaeagnifolium, Fendler's Horsenettle, Solanum fendleri, Hinds Nightshade, Solanum hindsianum, Buffalobur Nightshade, Solanum rostratum and Purple Nightshade, Solanum xanti.