Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Penstemon virgatus, Upright Blue Beardtongue


Scientific Name: Penstemon virgatus
Common Name: Upright Blue Beardtongue
Also Called: Upright Blue Penstemon
Family: Scrophulariaceae, Figwort or Snapdragon Family
Synonyms: (Penstemon virgatus subsp. virgatus)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 3 feet more or less. (calculated)
Growth Form: Forb/herb; herbage glaucous.
Leaves: Gray-green, glaucous; narrowly heart shaped, to narrowly lanceolate.
Flower Color: Pink, pale violet, purple; corolla has deep purple "guide lines" in the throat.
Flowering Season: Summer; May to July.
Elevation: 5,000 to 11,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Pine woodlands and mountain meadows.
Recorded Range: Penstemon virgatus is relatively rare in the United States where it is found in Arizona and New Mexico only. In New Mexico it is found over a large geographic area, mostly on the west ½ of the state. In Arizona it is found in a large geographic area mostly in the northern ½ of the state and also southeast in Cochise County.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Penstemon virgatus.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: In North America Penstemon virgatus has the following wetland designations: Arid West, FACU; Great Plains, FACU; Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU.
FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: In North America there are 250 species and 393 accepted taxa overall for Penstemon. World wide, The Plant List includes 301 accepted species names and includes a further 188 infraspecific rank for the genus.

In the Southwestern United States, Arizona there are 43 species of Penstemon, in California there are 55 species, Nevada has 50 species, New Mexico has 47 species, Texas has 24 species, Utah has 73 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

Comments: Penstemon virgatus is not a desert Penstemon and is found upward of 5,000 feet in pine communities and mountain meadows.

Penstemon virgatus has been used as 'life medicine' South American indigenous peoples.
Navajo, Ramah Drug, Panacea, Whole plant or root used as 'life medicine.'
See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 08/22/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 08/18/2016 )
http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=PENST&display=31
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 08/17/2016 ).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Plantaginaceae/Penstemon/
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 08/22/2016]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PEVI4
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/(accessed 08/22/2016).