Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Castilleja exserta, Exserted Indian Paintbrush

Exserted Indian Paintbrush or Purple Owl Clover as it is sometimes called has a purple to rose flower with yellow and white. Flowers are in clusters with 5 to 9 lobes. Castilleja exsertaExserted Indian Paintbrush is an attractive plant that carpets and area in early spring following sufficient rainfall. It blooms from March to May. Castilleja exsertaExserted Indian Paintbrush is an erect annual that grows up to 15 inches or so. It is often found in open mesas, fields, grassland and slopes. Castilleja exsertaExserted Indian Paintbrush is found in the southwestern United States in AZ, CA and NM. It is also native to Baja California. Castilleja exserta


Scientific Name: Castilleja exserta
Common Name: Exserted Indian Paintbrush
Also Called: Indian Paintbrush, Purple Owl Clover (Spanish: Escobita)
Family: Scrophulariaceae, Figwort or Snapdragon Family (moving to Orobanchaceae).
Synonyms: (Orthocarpus purpurascens, Orthocarpus purpurascens var. latifolius, Orthocarpus purpurascens var. ornatus, Orthocarpus purpurascens var. venustus)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual.
Size: Up to 15 inches more or less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; glandular hair; erect.
Leaves: Green; lobes, very narrowly lanceolate.
Flower Color: Rose with yellow and white, purple, purplish-red; flowers in clusters with 5 to 9 linear lobes
Flowering Season: March to May.
Elevation: 1,500 to 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Open mesas, fields, grassland and slopes.
Recorded Range: Exserted Indian Paintbrush is found in the southwestern United States in AZ, CA, NM. This species is also native to Baja California. In Arizona it is found in the central, southern and northwest parts of the state.

Sub-species "latifolia" and "venusta" are rare in the United States where they are found only in California.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Castilleja exserta.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: In North America there are 109 species and 166 accepted taxa overall for Castilleja. World wide, The Plant List includes 204 accepted species names and includes a further 238 infraspecific rank for the genus.

In the Southwestern United States, Arizona there are 16 species of Castilleja, in California there are 36 species, Nevada has 20 species, New Mexico has 21 species, Texas has 09 species, Utah has 15 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

There are 3 subsp. in Castilleja exserta;
Castilleja exserta subsp. exserta, Exserted Indian Paintbrush, (AZ, CA, NM);
Castilleja exserta subsp. latifolia, Wideleaf Indian Paintbrush, (CA);
Castilleja exserta subsp. venusta, Exserted Indian Paintbrush (CA).

Comments: Exserted Indian Paintbrush was formerly included in the genus Orthocarpus. With good winter rainfall this species is an amazing bloomer and may carpet an area for hundreds of feet or more.

In Southwestern Desert Flora also see Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja integra.

Date Profile Completed: , updated 08/14/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 08/14/2016)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=CASTI2&display=31
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California, as Orthocarpus purpurascens.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 08/14/2016).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Orobanchaceae/Castilleja/
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 08/14/2016]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CAEX14
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 08/14/2016)
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7206,7232
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/(accessed 08/14/2016).