Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Galium stellatum, Starry Bedstraw

Starry Bedstraw is a forb or sub-shrub with star shaped flowers growing erect along dry rocky slopes. Plants Galium stellatumStarry Bedstraw is somewhat woody, gray-green with lanceolate leaves in whorls of 4 with sharp leaf tips. Galium stellatumStarry Bedstraw flowers produce fuzzy nutlets with dense white silk hairs. Blooms from January to May, earlier or later in other parts of the country. Galium stellatumStarry Bedstraw is also known as Desert Bedstraw is common in areas where it is found but relatively rare in the United States. Galium stellatum


Scientific Name: Galium stellatum
Common Name: Starry Bedstraw
Also Called: Bedstraw, Desert Bedstraw
Family: Rubiaceae, Coffee, Madder or Bedstraw Family
Synonyms: (Galium acutissimum)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 2 feet or more.
Growth Form: Subshrub, forb/herb; erect; dioecious; scabrus or hispidous; shrubby, plants suffrutescent; branches spreading; stems brittle.
Leaves: Green, green-gray; lanceolate to ovate; leaves in whorls of 4; leaf tips sharp to the touch.
Flower Color: White or whitish; flowers star-shaped, flowers few to many; in panicles from axils; corolla rotate; pedicels erect or ascending; fruit is a nutlet with small dense white silky hairs.
Flowering Season: January to May; March to April in California.
Elevation: Up to 3,000 feet; 500 to 5,500 feet in California.
Habitat Preferences: Common, dry rocky slopes.
Recorded Range: Galium stellatum is common where found but relatively rare in the southwestern United States in AZ, CA, NV, UT. Starry Bedstraw is also native to Baja California and northwest Mexico. In Arizona it is found in the western ½ of the state and Graham County. Bullhead City, Arizona on the Lower Colorado River, appears close to the population center for this species.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Galium stellatum.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: In North America there are 85 species and 160 accepted taxa overall for Galium. World wide, The Plant List includes 659 accepted species names with 1,037 infraspecific rank for the genus.

In Arizona there are 14 species of Galium, in California there are 47 species, Nevada has 19 species, New Mexico has 13 species, Texas has 21 species, Utah has 18 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

There is 1 sub-species in Galium stellatum;
Galium stellatum subsp. eremicum, Starry Bedstraw (AZ, CA, NV, UT).

Comments: Starry Bedstraw is not an attractive plant, often shrubby and messy in appearance and so it is often over-looked and somewhat inconspicuous.

Also see in Southwest Desert Flora, Common Bedstraw, Galium, aparine.

Date Profile Completed: 07/14/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 07/14/2016)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=GALIU&display=31
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 07/14/2016)
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6927,6934,0,7017
Dempster, Lauramay T. 1995. Rubiaceae, Madder Family. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science and Canotia
http://canotia.org/vpa_volumes/VPA_JANAS_1995_Vol29_1_Dempster_et_Terrell_Rubiaceae.pdf
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 07/14/2016).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Rubiaceae/Galium/
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/(accessed 07/14/2016).