Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Rubus leucodermis, Whitebark Raspberry

Whitebark Raspberry has white or white-pinkish flowers with 5 petals and numerous stamens. The petals are oblanceolate-elliptic in shape. Rubus leucodermisWhitebark Raspberry has white or white-pinkish flowers with 5 petals and numerous stamens. The petals are oblanceolate-elliptic in shape. Rubus leucodermisWhitebark Raspberry is a sub-shrub or vine that typically grows 6 or 7 feet high but can grow to 9 feet under ideal conditions. Rubus leucodermisWhitebark Raspberry is an arching vine or erect, brambling deciduous species that is found in upper deserts and lower mountain areas. Rubus leucodermisWhitebark Raspberry leaves are bright green above and white-tomentose below; leaves are pinnately-compound with 3 to 7 shallow lobed leaflets; margins are serrate. Rubus leucodermisWhitebark Raspberry is a perennial species with slightly recurved or straight prickles that grows in moist riparian type areas. Rubus leucodermis


Scientific Name: Rubus leucodermis
Common Name: Whitebark Raspberry
Also Called: Black Raspberry, Blackcap Raspberry, Blackcap
Family: Rosaceae or Rose Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Usually 6 or 7 feet; maximum 9 feet.
Growth Form: Subshrub, vine; plants arched, ascending or erect brambles; stems with many prickles thorns slightly recurved or recurved.
Leaves: Green, white-tomentose below (abaxial); deciduous; pinnately compound, 3 to 7 leaflets, ovate, shallow lobes, margins serrate or doubly-serrate; linear stipules; petioles up to 2 inches;
Flower Color: White, pinkish; flowers 1 to 3; sepals longer than petals, petals oblanceolate-elliptic; pistils up to 15; fruits raspberry-like, red-purple to black.
Flowering Season: May to June in Arizona; April to July in Washington.
Elevation: About 5,500 feet; 150 to 7,000 feet in California.
Habitat Preferences: In upper deserts along perennial and semi-perennial creeks and riparian areas.
Recorded Range: Rubus leucodermis is found in the western ½ of the United States, British Columbia, Canada and Alaska; AK, AZ, CA, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA. In Arizona it is found in the northwest part of the state excluding Yavapai county and in Gila county. Whitebark Raspberry is also native to northern Mexico.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Rubus leucodermis.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: In North America Rubus leucodermis has the following wetland designations: Alaska, FAC; Arid West, FACU; Great Plains, FAC; Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU.
FAC = Facultative, occur in wetlands and non-wetlands
FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: In North America there are 244 species and 277 accepted taxa overall for Rubus. World wide, The Plant List includes 1,494 accepted species names with 1,935 infraspecific rank for the genus.

Arizona, Nevada and Utah each have 5 species of Rubus, in California there are 14 species, New Mexico has 8 species and Texas has 17 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

There are 3 varieties in Rubus leucodermis;
Rubus leucodermis var. bernardinus, Whitebark Raspberry, (CA);
Rubus leucodermis var. leucodermis, Whitebark Raspberry, (AK, AZ, CA, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA);
Rubus leucodermis var. trinitatis, Whitebark Raspberry (CA).

Comments: Rubus leucodermis has important food and shelter value for small mammals, birds, butterflies and native bees. It is a very large genus that includes the commercial raspberries and blackberries.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see the closely related New Mexico Raspberry, Rubus neomexicanus.

Rubus leucodermis has been used for a variety of food types by North American indigenous peoples.
Bella Coola Food, Bread & Cake, Berries formerly dried in cakes and used for food.
Cahuilla Food, Beverage, Berries soaked in water to make a beverage.
Coeur d'Alene Food, Fruit, Berries eaten fresh.
Klamath Food, Dried Food, Berries dried for later use.
Pomo, Kashaya Food, Winter Use Food, Berries canned.
See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 07/06/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 07/06/2016)
http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=RUBUS&display=31
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
Brasher, Jeffrey W. 2001. Rosaceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 33(1).
Lawrence A. Alice, Douglas H. Goldman, James A. Macklin, Gerry Moore, FNA |FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Rubus 17. Rubus leucodermis Douglas ex Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 454. 1840.; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 07/06/2016).
Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2015. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 06/07/2016 1:34:50 PM ]
David Giblin; Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, Rubus leucodermis, University of Washington Burke Museum - (accessed 07/07/2016)
http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Rubus&Species=leucodermis
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 07/06/2016).
Wikipedia contributors, 'Rubus leucodermis', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 18 May 2016, 23:13 UTC, [accessed 6 July 2016]
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 07/06/2016).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Rosaceae/Rubus/
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 07/06/2016]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=RULE
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 07/06/2016)
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6677,6899,6904
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/(accessed 07/06/2016).