Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Plantago patagonica, Woolly Plantain

Plantago patagonica, Woolly PlantainPlantago patagonica, Woolly PlantainPlantago patagonica, Woolly Plantain


Scientific Name: Plantago patagonica
Common Name: Woolly Plantain
Also Called: Pursh Plantain, Woolly Indianwheat, Woolly Plantian, Wooly Indianwheat and Wooly Plantain (Spanish: Pastora)
Family: Plantaginaceae or Plantain Family
Synonyms: (Plantago patagonica var. breviscapa, Plantago patagonica var. gnaphalioides , Plantago patagonica var. oblonga, Plantago patagonica var. patagonica, Plantago patagonica var. spinulosa, Plantago picta, Plantago purshii, Plantago purshii var. breviscapa, Plantago purshii var. oblonga, Plantago purshii var. picta, Plantago purshii var. spinulosa, Plantago spinulosa, Plantago wyomingensis)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual
Size: Up to 7 inches or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb;
Leaves: Green; leaves up to 4 inches long, margin entire.
Flower Color: White;
Flowering Season: February to July (California - April to June).
Elevation: 1,000 to 7,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Dry slopes, grassy slopes, mesas and sandy soils.
Recorded Range: Woolly Plantain is found throughout North America including the United States and Canada. It is found throughout Arizona. It is also native to Mexico and found as far south as Argentina.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Plantago patagonica.

U.S. Weed Information: Plantago patagonica is listed in: Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains and Weeds of the West. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: In North America Plantago patagonica has the following wetland designations: Top Level Regions include the Lower 48 States, ACU, UPL and North America, FACU, UPL
FAC = Facultative, occur in wetlands and non-wetlands
FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands
Threatened/Endangered Information: In North America Plantago patagonica is listed as Endangered by the state of Ohio.

Genus Information: There are 35 species in Plantago in North America (49 accepted taxa overall).

There are approximately 12 species in Plantago in Arizona and New Mexico; 17 species in California and 15 species in Texas.

Comments: The type plant (P. ignota) is from Fort Verde, Yavapai County, Arizona.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see Common Plantain, Plantago major and Desert Indianwheat, Plantago ovata.

Woolly Plantain has been used by the Keres as an analgesic and anti-diarrheal and by the Hopi as a psychological aid where the "plant given to a person to make him more agreeable". See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 04/21/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=Plantaginaceae
http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=PLANT
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California as Plantago purshii.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed ).
http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/search?q=plantago
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 04/21/2016)
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5625,5626,5637
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.
USDA – U.S. Weed Information: accessed 04/21/2016).
NE&GP, Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
WSWS, Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.
USDA – Wetland species information: accessed 04/21/2016).
Top Level Regions, Lower 48 States, FACUUPL; North America, FACUUPL.
USDA –Threatened and Endangered Information: accessed 04/21/2016).
Ohio, woolly plantain, Endangered