Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Oenothera coronopifolia, Crownleaf Evening Primrose

Oenothera coronopifolia, Crownleaf Evening PrimroseOenothera coronopifolia, Crownleaf Evening PrimroseOenothera coronopifolia, Crownleaf Evening Primrose


Scientific Name: Oenothera coronopifolia
Common Name: Crownleaf Evening Primrose
Also Called: Comb-like Evening-primrose, Crownleaf Eveningprimrose, Crownleaf Evening-primrose
Family: Onagraceae, Evening Primrose Family
Synonyms: (Anogra coronopifolia)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial.
Size: Up to 24 inches more or less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; plants from slender underground rootstocks.
Leaves: Green; narrowly lanceolate, lobed.
Flower Color: White; large, showy from terminal axils, sepals reflexed, hypanthium with conspicuous white hairs in the throat, buds nodding; fruit a capsule up to ¾ of an inch long.
Flowering Season: June to August
Elevation: 5,500 to 8,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Dry soils on plains.
Recorded Range: Crownleaf Evening Primrose is found in the southwest states of AZ, CO, ID, KS, NE, NM, SD, UT, WY.

In Arizona it is found in the northern ½ of the state excluding Yavapai County, and in the southeast in Cochise County.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Oenothera coronopifolia.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: Over 80 species in Oenothera throughout all of North America. 24 or so species in Arizona and California, 28 or so species in New Mexico and 47 or so species in Texas.

The Plant List includes 706 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Oenothera. Of these 150 are accepted species names.

Comments: Photographs above from specimens in New Mexico.

Also see in Southwest Desert Flora: Tufted Evening Primrose, Oenothera caespitosa; California Suncup, Oenothera californica; Velvetweed, Oenothera curtiflora; Dune Evening Primrose, Oenothera deltoides; Hooker's Evening Primrose, Oenothera elata; Large Yellow Desert Primrose, Oenothera primiveris; Rose Evening Primrose, Oenothera rosea; Mexican Evening Primrose, Oenothera speciosa and Scarlet Beeblossom, Oenothera suffrutescens.

Crownleaf Evening Primrose has been used as an analgesic aid (Navajo, Ramah Drug), gastrointestinal aid (Navajo, Ramah Drug)and externally as an anti rheumatic aid (Zuni Drug ). See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 01/20/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 01/20/2016).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Onagraceae/Oenothera/
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 01/20/2016]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=OECO2
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.