Camissonia micrantha, Miniature Suncup
Scientific Name: Camissonia micrantha
Common Name: Miniature Suncup
Also Called: Small Evening Primrose
Family: Onagraceae, Evening Primrose Family
Synonyms: (Camissonia pallida, Oenothera micrantha, Oenothera micrantha var. jonesii, Holostigma micranthum, Sphaerostigma micranthum)
Size: Up to 20 inches or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; stems variable decumbent or erect; rosetted (rosette), hairs dense.
Leaves: Green; center margin conspicuous, basal leaves largest, cauline leaves generally narrowly lanceolate; +- sessile.
Flower Color: Yellow, fading reddish; corolla with 1 or 2 red dots, flowering stem gently arching over or nodding, fruit a cylindric and often 3-coiled capsule.
Flowering Season: March to May, Arizona and California.
Elevation: Below 4,500 feet; between 1,000 and 2,500 feet in California.
Habitat Preferences: Sandy washes, rocky areas, desert scrub; California, beaches, sandy fields, washes.
Recorded Range: Relatively rare in the United States where it is native to Arizona and California.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.
Genus Information: In North America there are 58 species in Camissonia and 100 accepted taxa overall. The Plant List includes only 23 accepted species names and a further 19 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus. However, The Plant List has also reclassified several members of Camissonia to Chylismia (16) and Camissoniopsis (14).
In the southwestern United States; Arizona has 22 species, California has 43 species, Nevada has 29 species, New Mexico has 6 species, Texas has 1 species and Utah has 19 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.
Also according to The Plant List, Camissonia is under taxonomic review, several species have been reclassified to Camissoniopsis (14) and to Chylismia (16).
Comments: In Arizona I often observe other specimens of Camissonia appearing very similar to Miniature Suncup, except the flower petals have relatively ragged edges.
In Southwest Desert Flora also see Yellow Cups, Chylismia brevipes, Browneyes, Chylismia (=Camissonia) claviformis California Suncup, Eulobus californicus and Palmer Evening Primrose, Tetrapteron (=Camissonia) palmeri.