Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Sphaeralcea fendleri, Fendler’s Globemallow

Sphaeralcea fendleri, Fendler’s GlobemallowSphaeralcea fendleri, Fendler’s GlobemallowSphaeralcea fendleri, Fendler’s GlobemallowSphaeralcea fendleri, Fendler’s GlobemallowSphaeralcea fendleri, Fendler’s Globemallow


Scientific Name: Sphaeralcea fendleri
Common Name: Fendler’s Globemallow
Also Called: Fendler Globe Mallow and Thicket Globe-mallow (Spanish: Mal de Ojo, Yerba de la Negrita)
Family: Malvaceae, Globe Mallow Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 4 feet.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub, erect, stems with grayish or whitish pubescence.
Leaves: Green; alternate, star-like hairs (stellate), palmate, 3 lobed, leaf shape variable, margins scalloped.
Flower Color: Variable, pink or orange, showy, hibiscus like, 5 petals, 5 sepals, flowers single or small clusters borne in leaf axils.
Flowering Season: Summer and fall.
Elevation: 3,000 to 8,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Mid- to Upper- Sonoran desert habitats, common in pine forests, sometimes in oaks in lower elevations.
Recorded Range: Fendler's Globemallow is found in the southwest states of AZ, CO, KS, NM and TX and also reported as occurring in Maine. In Arizona it is found above 3,000 feet mostly in the eastern 23 of the state, few or no records in the central part of Arizona. It is also native to northern Mexico.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Sphaeralcea fendleri.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: 26 species in Sphaeralcea in the western half of North America. 17 species in Arizona, 14 species in New Mexico, 8 species in California and 12 species in Texas.

5 sub-species in Sphaeralcea fendleri:
Sphaeralcea fendleri subsp. albescens, Thicket Globemallow (AZ);
Sphaeralcea fendleri subsp. elongata, Thicket Globemallow (AZ, NM);
Sphaeralcea fendleri subsp. fendleri, Fendler's Globemallow (AZ, CO, KS, NM, TX);
Sphaeralcea fendleri subsp. tripartita, Thicket Globemallow (AZ, NM);
Sphaeralcea fendleri subsp. venusta, Thicket Globemallow (AZ).

The Plant List includes 170 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Sphaeralcea. Of these 53 are accepted species names.

Comments: Fendler’s Globemallow is a conspicuous Globemallow that is not a desert species, preferring pine and oak habitats.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see: Desert Globemallow, Sphaeralcea ambigua; Scarlet Globemallow, Sphaeralcea coccinea; Coulter's Globemallow, Sphaeralcea coulteri and Rusby's Globemallow, Sphaeralcea rusbyi.

Sphaeralcea fendleri has been used as a dermatological and oral aid (Navajo, Kayenta drug) and as an anti hemorrhagic (Navajo, Ramah drug). See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 11/30/2105
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 11/27/2105).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Malvaceae/Sphaeralcea/
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.