Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Modiola caroliniana, Carolina Bristlemallow

Modiola caroliniana, Carolina BristlemallowModiola caroliniana, Carolina BristlemallowModiola caroliniana, Carolina BristlemallowModiola caroliniana, Carolina BristlemallowModiola caroliniana, Carolina Bristlemallow


Scientific Name: Modiola caroliniana
Common Name: Carolina Bristlemallow
Also Called: Babosilla, Carolina Modiola and Redflower Mallow
Family: Malvaceae, Globe Mallow Family
Synonyms: (Modiola multifida)
Status: Native, naturalized.
Duration: Annual, biennial or perennial.
Size: Up to 6 inches more or less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; creeping, trailing, stems rooting at nodes, decumbent, pubescence bristly.
Leaves: Green, light green; shape variable, round, triangular or reniform, if lobed with 3 or more lobes, dentate.
Flower Color: Orange, pinkish-orange, red-orange, purple-red; flowers from leaf axils fruit a schizocarp with 14 or more segments (mericarps), each segment with 1 seed.
Flowering Season: March to May in Arizona, February to June in Texas.
Elevation: Below 2,500 feet in Arizona, below 1,500 feet in California.
Habitat Preferences: Lawns, gardens, damp and disturbed places in urban habitats.
Recorded Range: Carolina Bristlemallow is erratically scattered and naturalized throughout much of the United States but mostly in the south; AL, AR, AZ, CA, DE, FL, GA, HI, LA, MA, MS, NC, OK, OR, PA, SC, TN, TX and VA. Likely native to South America.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Modiola caroliniana.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available..
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: In North America Modiola caroliniana has the following wetland designations; Arid West, FAC; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, FACU; Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, FACU; Great Plains, FAC; Northcentral & Northeast, FACU; Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU. (FAC = Facultative, occur in wetlands and non-wetlands, FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands).
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: 1 species in Modiola in the United States.

The Plant List includes 25 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Modiola. Of these 1 are accepted species names.

Comments: Modiola is a monotypic genus naturalized throughout the United States and sub-tropical tropical areas.

Carolina Bristlemallow is used as drug for miscellaneous diseases and as a throat aid by the Houma Native American tribe in Louisiana. See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 11/24/2105
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 11/24/2105).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Malvaceae/Modiola/
Fryxell, Paul A. 1994. Malvaceae. Journal of Arizona Nevada Academy of Science. Volume 27(2), 222-236.
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 11/24/2105]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=MOCA
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 11/24/2105 )
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5042,5091,5092
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.
U.S.D.A. Wetland Status: Arid West, FAC; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, FACU; Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, FACU; Great Plains, FAC; Northcentral & Northeast, FACU; Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU.