Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Anoda cristata, Crested Anoda

Anoda cristata, Crested AnodaAnoda cristata, Crested AnodaAnoda cristata, Crested AnodaAnoda cristata, Crested AnodaAnoda cristata, Crested Anoda


Scientific Name: Anoda cristata
Common Name: Crested Anoda
Also Called: Spurred Anoda and Violettas, (Spanish: Violeta, Pintapán)
Family: Malvaceae, Globe Mallow Family
Synonyms: (Anoda acerifolia, Anoda cristata var. brachyantha, Anoda cristata var. digitata, Anoda lavaterioides, Sida cristata)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual
Size: Up to 2½ feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; stems decumbent to erect, herbage sparsely hirsute with long spreading hairs.
Leaves: Green; alternate, simple, leaf shape triangular to hastate, pubescent.
Flower Color: Purple; flowers solitary from axils, calyx visible in fruit, fruit a dark green schizocarp with 9 to 20 segments.
Flowering Season: August to October.
Elevation: 3,500 to 6,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Common in Arizona along stream and other moist meadows, uncommon in California where it is found in disturbed areas, urban places and gardens.
Recorded Range: Anoda cristata is found mostly in the United States in the mid-west and southern states in: AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NM, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA ans WV. It is also native to northern and central Mexico and Southward to South America.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Anoda cristata.

U.S. Weed Information: Anoda cristata is listed in: Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states, Weeds of the United States and Canada and Weeds of the West. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: Anoda cristata is listed as a Noxious Weed by the State of Colorado as a noxious weed. (spurred anoda, B list (noxious weeds). Plants included here are invasive or noxious.
Wetland Indicator: In North America Anoda cristata has the following wetland designations; Arid West, FAC, Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, FAC, Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, UPL, Great Plains, FAC,Midwest, FAC, Northcentral & Northeast, FAC and Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FAC.
FAC = Facultative, occur in wetlands and non-wetlands
UPL = Obligate Upland, almost never occur in wetlands
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: 7 species in Anoda in the United States; 7 species in Arizona, 2 species in California and 3 species in New Mexico.

The Plant List includes 23 accepted species names for Anoda.

Comments: Crested or Spurred Anoda does not appear to be aggressive or weedy in Arizona.

Date Profile Completed: 11/11/2105
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 11/11/2105).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Malvaceae/Anoda/#statistics
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 11/11/2105]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ANCR2
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 11/11/2105)
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5042,5049,5050
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.
U.S. Weed Information: STATE, Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. KY, Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky. SWSS, Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois. WSWS, Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.