Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Linum lewisii, Lewis Flax

Linum lewisii, Lewis FlaxLinum lewisii, Lewis FlaxLinum lewisii, Lewis FlaxLinum lewisii, Lewis FlaxLinum lewisii, Lewis Flax

Scientific Name: Linum lewisii
Common Name: Lewis Flax
Also Called: Blue Flax, Lewis Blue Flax, Lewis' Flax and Prairie Flax
Family: The Linaceae or Flax Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 18 inches or so.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; stems commonly erect and branched, glabrous.
Leaves: Green; alternate, linear to lanceolate, glabrous, semi-evergreen.
Flower Color: Blue, pale blue; showy, 5 petals and 5 sepals, inflorescence a 1-sided raceme, fruit a rounded capsule.
Flowering Season: March to September.
Elevation: 3,500 to 9500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Common in well-drained soils, open mesas and coniferous forests.
Recorded Range: Lewis Flax is found throughout almost all of North America. In Arizona it is usually found in most of the state above 3,500 feet. Few observations in central and southwest Arizona.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: Over 35 species in Linum throughout all of North America. 8 species in Arizona, 6 species in California and 15 species in New Mexico.

The Plant List includes 141 accepted species names for Linum.

3 varieties in Linum lewisii;
Linum lewisii var. alpicola, Prairie Flax (USA; AZ, CA, ID, NV and UT),
Linum lewisii var. lepagei, Lewis Flax (Canada; E ½, MB, NU, ON and QC),
Linum lewisii var. lewisii, Prairie Flax (Range Recorded above).

Comments: Lewis Flax is a common perennial throughout the country and very similar to the annual cultivated species. Lewis Flax flowers attract bees and insects and the seeds are eaten by birds.

Date Profile Completed: 11/02/2105
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 11/01/2105).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Linaceae/
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Linaceae/Linum/
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (MEOF); http://www.feis-crs.org/beta/; (accessed 11/01/2105)
http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/linlew/all.html
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 11/02/2105]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=LILE3
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.