Calochortus gunnisonii, Gunnison's Mariposa Lily
Scientific Name: Calochortus gunnisonii
Common Name: Gunnison's Mariposa Lily
Also Called: Gunnison Mariposa Lily and Mariposa
Family: Liliaceae or Lily Family
Size: Up to 24 inches more or less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; stems straight, not branching, spring growth from bulbs.
Leaves: Green; basal wither with the season, thin grass-like.
Flower Color: White to purple; flowers large and showy, campanulate, tepal similar in color; sepals shorter than petals, filaments shorter than anthers, lanceolate, fruit an erect capsule.
Flowering Season: June to August.
Elevation: 6,500 to 8,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Open plains and pine communities above 6,500 feet.
Recorded Range: Gunnison's Mariposa Lily is found in the central western United States of; AZ, CO, MT, NE, NM, SD, UT and WY particularly in the Rocky Mountains. In Arizona it is found in the northern half of the state.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: Calochortus gunnisonii is a protected native species in Arizona.
There are 2 varieties for Calochortus gunnisonii;
Calochortus gunnisonii var. gunnisonii, Gunnison's Mariposa Lily (Recorded Range above);
Calochortus gunnisonii var. perpulcher, Gunnison's Mariposa Lily (NM only).
Gunnison's Mariposa Lily been used as a veterinary aid, a ceremonial medicine and as a dermatological aid by North American indigenous peoples. See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.