Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Phacelia campanularia, Desert Bluebells

Phacelia campanularia, Desert BluebellsPhacelia campanularia, Desert BluebellsPhacelia campanularia, Desert BluebellsPhacelia campanularia, Desert BluebellsPhacelia campanularia, Desert Bluebells

Scientific Name: Phacelia campanularia
Common Name: Desert Bluebells
Also Called: California Bluebell, Desert Bells, Desert Canterbury Bells and Desert Scorpionweed.
Family: Hydrophyllaceae (Boraginaceae, Hydrophylloideae), the Waterleaf Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Annual
Size: About 12 inches or so.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; stems green or reddish, erect and/or spreading, glandular with fine hairs.
Leaves: Green; dark green; petioles, leaf shape semi-rounded to ovate, margins toothed.
Flower Color: Blue, bright blue; corolla fused, flowers showy up to 1 inch, funnel- to bell-shaped, clustered in scorpioid cyme, fruit a capsule containing several seeds surrounded by dried calyx.
Flowering Season: February to April, longer blooming period in cultivation.
Elevation: Below 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Mojave and Sonoran Deserts in open, sandy or gravelly areas in California.
Recorded Range: In the United States Desert Bluebells are native to southeast California.

(Records from Maricopa County, AZ are likely escapees from popular cultivation in the Phoenix area. (Records from the state of NY include a 1986 "checklist" and a 1990 "vouchered atlas" and, if true, would likely also be introduced.)

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: Over 150 species in Phacelia in the United States and all of North America and northern Mexico. An additional 20 or so species are native to South America. The genus Phacelia collectively are commonly referred to as; Phacelia, Scorpionweed, Heliotrope.

The Plant List includes 368 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Phacelia. Of these 186 are accepted species names.

Comments: Hairs from stems and leaves of species of Phacelia, thought to cause rash in including Desert Bluebells.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see Cleftleaf Wildheliotrope, Phacelia crenulata; Distant Phacelia, Phacelia distans; Varileaf Phacelia, Phacelia heterophylla; Kaweah River Scorpion-weed, Phacelia magellanica and Lacy Phacelia, Phacelia tanacetifolia.

Date Profile Completed: 10/03/2105
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 10/03/2015). http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Boraginaceae/Phacelia/
Wikipedia contributors, 'Phacelia campanularia', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 2 August 2013, 04:34 UTC,
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phacelia_campanularia&oldid=566811192 [accessed 3 October 2015]
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 10/03/2105]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PHCA3
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 10/03/2105)
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?4518,4587,4601
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.