Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Erodium texanum, Texas Stork's Bill

Erodium texanum, Texas Stork's BillErodium texanum, Texas Stork's BillErodium texanum, Texas Stork's BillErodium texanum, Texas Stork's Bill Erodium texanum, Texas Stork's Bill

Scientific Name: Erodium texanum
Common Name: Texas Stork's Bill
Also Called: Bull Filaree, Desert Storksbill, False Filaree, Heron Bill, Large-flowered Stork's Bill, Texas Filaree, Texas Fillarie, Tufted Filaree (Spanish: Alfilerilla)
Family: Geraniaceae, Cranesbill or Storksbill Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Annual or biennial.
Size: Up to 20 inches, usually less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; prostrate to ascending canescent
Leaves: Green; first years growth a basal rosette, simple, cordate with shallow lobes.
Flower Color: Purple, lavender; petal unequal, fruit glabrous, looks like a heron or stork's bill.
Flowering Season: February to April; California, March to May; Texas March to April.
Elevation: 1,000 to 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Plains, mesas, in California in dry open sites and in Texas in prairies and open limey areas.
Recorded Range: Erodium texanum is found in the United States in: AZ, CA, MO, NM, NV, OK, SC, TX and UT. Populations in MO and SC likely not native.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: 13 species in Erodium in throughout North America. 2 Native and 1 non-native species in Arizona.

The Plant List includes 420 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Erodium. Of these 128 are accepted species names.

Comments: A North American native, Erodium texanum, Texas Stork's Bill, is similar in appearance to Redstem Stork's Bill Erodium cicutarium but not nearly as common and Texas Stork's Bill does not bloom in large numbers every year. Conditions for good spring blooms are not fully understood but likely tied, at least in part, to winter rainfall.

Date Profile Completed: 09/23/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
http://www.the plantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Geraniaceae/Erodium/
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 09/23/2015)
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 09/23/2015]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ERTE13
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.