Mimosa dysocarpa, Velvetpod Mimosa
Scientific Name: Mimosa dysocarpa
Common Name: Velvetpod Mimosa
Also Called: Spanish: Gatuño, Gato)
Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae Family
Synonyms: (Mimosa dysocarpa var. wrightii)
Size: Usually 3 or 4 feet tall (6 feet).
Growth Form: Shrub; multiple short dense branches/stems, stems 3-sided, thorns,
Leaves: Green; deciduous; alternate, pubescent, bipinnately compound, 16 or more leaflets, leaves "close" when touched.
Flower Color: Pink, pinkish-purple; showy; light fragrance, inflorescence a short cylindrical plume spike with 20 or more flowers with syncronis bloom; fruit a legume.
Flowering Season: May to September.
Elevation: 3,500 to 6,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Common along brushy slopes, arroyos and washes.
Recorded Range: A rare species in the United States, Mimosa dysocarpa is native to Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. In Arizona it occurs in the southern couties of Pima, Santa Cruz and Cochise; in New Mexico in the extreme southwestern part of the state and also in Socorro County; and in Texas it is found east of the Rio Grande River in the counties of Jeff Davis, Presidio and Brewster. Velvet Mimosa is common in northern Mexico.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.
Genus Information: 22 Native species in Mimosa throughout the central and southern parts of the United States. Most of the natives are found exclusively in Texas. (USDA, NRCS, Plants List shows 3 non-natives.) 5 species native to Arizona.
1 variety in Mimosa aculeaticarpa biuncifera.
The Plant List includes 1,301 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Mimosa. Of these 708 are accepted species names.
Comments: Without a doubt Velvetpod Mimosa is one of the southwests beautiful plants with its spikes of purplish and pink flowers.
Seeds of Velvetpod Mimosa are readily eaten by birds, especially ground running birds, and livestock.
Also see Catclaw Mimosa, Mimosa aculeaticarpa biuncifera.