Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Arctostaphylos pungens, Pointleaf Manzanita

Arctostaphylos pungens, Pointleaf Manzanita, Southwest Desert FloraArctostaphylos pungens, Pointleaf Manzanita, Southwest Desert FloraArctostaphylos pungens, Pointleaf Manzanita, Southwest Desert Flora Arctostaphylos pungens, Pointleaf Manzanita, Southwest Desert FloraArctostaphylos pungens, Pointleaf Manzanita, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos pungens
Common Name: Pointleaf Manzanita
Also Called: Mexican Manzanita; (Spanish: Manzanita, Manzanilla del Monte, Uji, Pinguica, Kadroño)
Family: Ericaceae, Heath or Heather Family
Synonyms: (Arctostaphylos chaloneorum, Arctostaphylos pseudopungens, Arctostaphylos pungens subsp. chaloneorum and Arctostaphylos pungens var. claloneorum)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 5 or 6 feet or more.
Growth Form: Shrub/subshrub; round, erect, new stems hairy, mature stems glabrous, smooth, reddish-brown or mahogany-colored, forms dense thickets under suitable conditions.
Leaves: Green or dark green; erect, thick, finely hairy, shiny, variable, oval, elliptic or lanceolate, margins entire.
Flower Color: White to pink; glabrous, flowers urn-shaped, terminal, inflorescence is a raceme, fruit a glabrous berry.
Flowering Season: February to May.
Elevation: 7,000 to 8,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Rocky slopes and desert ridges in sandy or gravelly soils in chaparral communities, woodland habitats and coniferous forests.
Recorded Range: In the United States, Pointleaf Manzanita is widespread where it is found in the southwestern states; AZ, CA, NM, NV, a small portion of TX and in UT. It is also native to Baja California and throughout most of Mexico. In Arizona Pointleaf Manzanita is found throughout much of the state but rare or absent in Yuma County.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Arctostaphylos pungens.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: About 66 species in Arctostaphylos in North America. 4 species in Arizona.

Comments: Pointleaf Manzanita is superficially similar in appearance to Pringle Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pringlei). Pringle Manzanita has much more pubescence, (glandular hairy), blooms earlier in the year and typically grows in lower elevations. Birds, mammals and other animals eat the berries.

Ethnobotany
Ethno-Herbalist: Southern California Ethnobotany; Ethnobotany of Southern California Native Plants: Arctostaphylos pungens.

Historically, Arctostaphylos pungens has been used as a food, beverage, antidiarrheal and dermatological aid by southwestern American indigenous peoples.
Cahuilla Drug, Antidiarrheal, Infusion of leaves used for diarrhea.
Cahuilla Drug, Dermatological Aid, Infusion of leaves used for poison oak rash.
Navajo, Ramah Drug, Ceremonial Medicine, Leaves used as a ceremonial emetic.
Yavapai Food, Beverage, Berries used to make a beverage.
Yavapai Food, Beverage, Fresh or stored pulverized berries put in mouth, solid matter spat out and juice sucked. Sometimes the liquid was expressed by squeezing the moistened pulverized mass with the two hands.
See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 5/4/2015, rev. 07/22/2015, updated 09/24/2016
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
V. Thomas Parker, Michael C. Vasey, Jon E. Keeley, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Arctostaphylos, FNA Vol. 8 Page 411, 416, 417, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 5/4/2015).
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 5/4/2015]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ARPU5
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 5/4/2015)
Wikipedia contributors, 'Arctostaphylos pungens', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 2 April 2015, 22:03 UTC, [accessed 4 May 2015]
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.