Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pringle Manzanita

Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pringle Manzanita, Southwest Desert Flora Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pringle Manzanita, Southwest Desert Flora Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pringle Manzanita, Southwest Desert Flora Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pringle Manzanita, Southwest Desert FloraArctostaphylos pringlei, Pringle Manzanita, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos pringlei
Common Name: Pringle Manzanita
Also Called: Manzanita, Pinkbract Manzanita, Pinkbracted Manzanita and Pringle's Manzanita; (Spanish: Manzanita)
Family: Ericaceae, Heath or Heather Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 5 feet or more.
Growth Form: Shrub/tree; erect; young stems glaucous, glandular, mature stems with smooth bark, reddish-brown or mahogany, may form dense thickets.
Leaves: Gray-green; leaf surfaces glaucous, glandular; rounded, ovate or elliptic, petiole, margins entire.
Flower Color: Pink to white; bell-shaped flowers; corolla glandular hairy; narrow sepals, flowers urn-shaped (urceolate); inflorescence a densely glandular hairy raceme; fruit is a red globose berry.
Flowering Season: April to June
Elevation: 4,000 to 6,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Dry rocky slopes in chaparral (pinyon-juniper) communities.
Recorded Range: Arctostaphylos pringlei is found in the United States, Baja California and possibly northern Mexico. In the United States it is native to Arizona, California, Nevada and Utah. In Arizona Pringle Manzanita is found in the northwest, central and southeast parts of the State.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: About 66 species in Arctostaphylos in North America. 4 species in Arizona. 2 sub-species of Arctostaphylos pringlei;
Arctostaphylos pringlei subsp. drupacea, Pinkbracted Manzanita and
Arctostaphylos pringlei subsp. pringlei, Pringle Manzanita.

Comments: Pringle Manzanita is a locally common shrub or small tree in Arizona in Chaparral communities of pinyon-juniper. The profile and smooth mahogany-colored stems are distinctive.

Pringle Manzanita is similar in appearance to Pointleaf Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pungens) however Pringle Manzanita has much more pubescence, (glandular hairy), blooms earlier in the year and typically grows in lower elevations. Birds, mammals and other animals eat the berries.

The berries of Pringle Manzanita are eaten raw or cooked and also made into jelly by southwestern Native Americans. See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 5/4/2015, rev. 07/22/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
V. Thomas Parker, Michael C. Vasey, Jon E. Keeley, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Arctostaphylos, FNA Vol. 8 Page 406, 408, 414, 427, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 5/4/2015).
John L. Anderson, 2008, Vascular Plants of Arizona: Ericaceae. CANOTIA 4 (2): 21-30, 2008. ©2008.
http://canotia.org/volumes/CANOTIA_2008_Vol4_2_Anderson_Ericaceae.pdf
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 5/4/2015]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ARPR
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed5/4/2015)
Wikipedia contributors, 'Arctostaphylos pringlei', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 7 April 2014, 04:19 UTC, [accessed 4 May 2015]
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.