Scientific Name:Juniperus californica Common Name: California Juniper
Also Called: Desert White Cedar (Spanish: Táscale, Huata)
Family:Cupressaceae, Cypress Family
Synonyms: (Juniperus cedrosiana, Juniperus cerrosianus, Juniperus pyriformis, Sabina californica)
Status:Native Duration:Perennial Size: Up to 20 feet or more.
Growth Form:Shrub or tree; multiple trunks from base, rarely single trunk; bark gray and thin, ex-foliating in thin strips; outer layers persistent.
Leaves: Green; whorled in 3's; scale-like, closely appressed; gland obvious.
Flower Color: Non-flowering species; cones only; gymnosperm; dioecious, rarely monecious; pollen cones terminal, seed cones also terminal; seed cones spheric to ovoid bluish, maturing brown-blue to red-brown in year 2.
Flowering Season: November to February for cone development; non-flowering gymnosperm.
Elevation: 150 to 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Dry slopes, flats, pinyon-juniper communities and Mojave desert-scrub.
Recorded Range: California Juniper is found in the far southwestern United States in AZ, CA, NV. It is also native to Baja California.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: In North America, California Juniper, Juniperus californica is "Protected as a Cactus, Yucca or Christmas Tree" by the State of Nevada.
Genus Information: In North America there are 30 species and 43 accepted taxa overall for Juniperus. Worldwide, The Plant List includes 75 accepted species names and a further 394 scientific names of infraspecific rank for the genus.
In the Southwestern United States: Arizona and New Mexico each have 8 species of Juniperus, California has 5 species, Nevada has 6 species, Texas has 8 species, Utah has 4 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.
Comments: California Juniper is an important species, providing food and/or shelter for, among other animals deer, elk, pronghorn and Merriam's turkeys. Both birds and mammals readily feed on the annual berry crops. For a comprehensive thoroughly documented review of Juniperus californica see the USDA USFS Fire Effects Information System, or FEIS.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA); California Juniper is a host plant for Sequoia Sphinx moth (Sphinx sequoiae) larvae.