Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Lonicera interrupta, Chaparral Honeysuckle

Lonicera interrupta, Chaparral Honeysuckle, Southwest Desert Flora Lonicera interrupta, Chaparral Honeysuckle, Southwest Desert Flora Lonicera interrupta, Chaparral Honeysuckle, Southwest Desert Flora


Scientific Name: Lonicera interrupta
Common Name: Chaparral Honeysuckle
Also Called:
Family: Caprifoliaceae, Honeysuckle Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native.
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 5 feet or more, 3 feet wide.
Growth Form: Shrub/vine; erect, woody, twining, climbing or sprawling shrub.
Leaves: Green; variable shape, oval to elliptical, deciduous, sessile and perfoliate at the stem.
Flower Color: Yellow to cream; flowers medium size about 1 cm long, stamens extend from rolled-back lips of the corolla, inflorescence a long interrupted spike, fruits are a round shiny red berry.
Flowering Season: May to June.
Elevation: 4,000 to 6,000 feet, lower elevations in California, 1,500 to 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Upper elevations, chaparral communities, rocky slopes and along edges of sandy or rocky washes.
Recorded Range: In North America, Lonicera interrupta is native to Arizona, California and Oregon. In Arizona it is recorded in Gila, Maricopa and Pima counties above 4,000 feet.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Lonicera interrupta.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: Lonicera has about 46 species and several recognized introduced hybrids in the genus scattered throughout most of North America. 7 species in Arizona, 6 native, 1 introduced (Lonicera japonica).

Comments: Although Chaparral Honeysuckle is a drought tolerant plant it is found on the edges of the Upper Sonoran desert. The elongated tubular flowers readily attract hummingbirds.

A closely related species, Arizona Honeysuckle, Lonicera arizonica, is found in elevations above 6,000 feet in mountains and open coniferous forests.

Ethnobotany

Chaparral Honeysuckle has been used for various purposes by southwestern United States indigenous peoples. See complete listing of ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 2/6/2015, rev; 04/30/2015, 07/22/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database – ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 2/6/2015)
Wikipedia contributors, 'Lonicera interrupta', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 August 2014, 19:51 UTC, [accessed 6 February 2015]
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.