Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Opuntia macrocentra, Long-spined Prickly Pear

Opuntia macrocentra, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Southwest Desert Flora Opuntia macrocentra, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Southwest Desert Flora Opuntia macrocentra, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Opuntia macrocentra
Common Name: Long-spined Prickly Pear
Also Called: Purple Prickly Pear, Purple Pricklypear, and Purple Prickly-pear; (Spanish: Duraznilla, Nopal)
Family: Cactaceae, Cactus Family
Synonyms: (Opuntia violacea var. macrocentra)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size:
Growth Form: Shrub or tree;
Leaves: Leaves modified into spines or glochids and emerging from areoles.
Flower Color: Yellow;
Flowering Season:
Elevation:
Habitat Preferences:
Recorded Range: In the United States Opuntia macrocentra is found in the southwestern states of AZ, NM and TX. In Arizona in is found in the eastern quarter and southern parts of the state.

U.S. Weed Information:
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information:
Wetland Indicator:
Threatened/Endangered Information: in Arizona, Purple Prickly-pear is salvage restricted.

Genus Information: About 50 species in Opuntia in the United States and Canada. 17 species in Arizona.
2 varieties in Opuntia macrocentra:
Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra, Purple Pricklypear (AZ, NM and TX) and
Opuntia macrocentra var. minor, Purple Pricklypear (TX only).

Comments:

References: Posted 06/05/2015, rev. 07/21/2015, updated, 09/14/2015
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.
USDA – Threatened and Endangered Information:
Arizona, purple prickly-pear, Salvage restricted