Echinocereus bonkerae, Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus
Scientific Name: Echinocereus bonkerae
Common Name: Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus
Also Called: Hedgehog, Hedgehog Cactus
Family: Cactaceae, Cactus Family
Synonyms: (Echinocereus fasciculatus var. bonkerae, Echinocereus fendleri var. bonkerae)
Size: Up to 12 inches.
Growth Form: Shrub; 5 to 35 stems; spines dull yellowish to brown or white to gray, often brown to black especially at bases or tips.
Leaves: Leaves modified into spines emerging from areoles; lacking glochids.
Flower Color: Deep magenta to dark purple; 5 to 7 flowers; anthers yellow; fruits bright red or orange-red, pulp white or pale pink, fruiting 2 months after flowering.
Flowering Season: March to May.
Elevation: 2,000 to 6,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Sonoran Desert upland, upper Palo-Verde communities, desert grasslands, pinyon-juniper woods.
Recorded Range: In the United States Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus is rare where it is found only in Arizona where it grows in the central and southern parts of the state.
U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: Arizona: Echinocereus bonkerae is salvage restricted (listed as Echinocereus fasciculatus var. bonkerae).
In the Southwestern United States: Arizona has 14 species of genus, California, Nevada and Utah each have 3 species, New Mexico has 12 species and Texas has 15 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.
Comments: Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus is not always easily recognized in the field and has been confused with other species so similar as to have the same common name, ie Pink Flower Hedgehog (Echinocereus fasciculatus and Echinocereus fendleri).
In Southwest Desert Flora also see: Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Echinocereus coccineus, Hedgehog Cactus, Echinocereus engelmannii, Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus, Echinocereus fasciculatus and Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus, Echinocereus rigidissimus.