Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Descurainia pinnata, Western Tansymustard

Descurainia pinnata, Western Tansymustard, Southwest Desert Flora Descurainia pinnata, Western Tansymustard, Southwest Desert Flora Descurainia pinnata, Western Tansymustard, Southwest Desert Flora Descurainia pinnata, Western Tansymustard, Southwest Desert Flora


Scientific Name: Descurainia pinnata
Common Name: Western Tansymustard
Also Called: Green Tansymustard, Pinnate Tansy Mustard, Pinnate Tansymustard, Tansy Mustard and Tansymustard Yellow Tansy Mustard; (Spanish: Pamita, Pamitón)
Family: Brassicaceae, Mustard Family
Synonyms: (Sophia pinnata, Descurainia pinnata var. brachycarpa)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual, biennial or seldom a perennial.
Size: Up to 2 feet, usually smaller.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; variable, erect, basal leaves, one or more stems, slender branching stems.
Leaves: Green; pinnately lobed or divided 1 or more times, basal leaves drying during bloom period.
Flower Color: Yellow or yellow-whitish; 4 petals and 4 sepals, small flowers clustered on tips of slender branches; fruit is a long rounded capsule referred to as a silique on a slender stem or pedicel .
Flowering Season: Spring and early summer.
Elevation: Up to 7,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Variable habitats; disturbed areas, mesas, sandy soils and along riparian areas throughout the state.
Recorded Range: Western Tansymustard is found throughout North America.

U.S. Weed Information: Descurainia pinnata is listed in: Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains and Weeds of the United States and Canada. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information:
Wetland Indicator:
Threatened/Endangered Information: The state of Ohio has listed (Descurainia pinnata as Threatened.

Genus Information: 8 species in Descurainia in North America. It is native throughout Arizona. There are 10 subspecies in Descurainia pinnata, 5 subspecies in Arizona;
Descurainia pinnata ssp. filipes, Western Tansymustard;
Descurainia pinnata ssp. glabra, Western Tansymustard;
Descurainia pinnata ssp. halictorum, Western Tansymustard;
Descurainia pinnata ssp. ochroleuca, Western Tansymustard and
Descurainia pinnata ssp. paysonii, Payson's Tansymustard.

Comments: Western Tansymustard is so named because of the leaf margins which are pinnately lobed or divided 1 or more times. Of interest is that is considered a weed by some authorities and at the same time listed as "Threatened" by Ohio.

Western Tansymustard has low value for wildlife but its flowers attract insects, butterflies in particular.

Several ethno-botanical uses have been identified for Western Tansymustard including grinding the seeds up for use in stomach ailments and an application of a poultice of the plant for toothaches. See the full species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 11/6/2014, 07/21/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database – ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
Barbara E. Goodson, Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Descurainia, FNA Vol. 7 Page 519, 520, 521, 523, 525, 526, 527, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 11/6/2014).
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ [accessed: 11/6/2014]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX. http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=DEPI
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: ttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 11/6/2014)
Wikipedia contributors, 'Descurainia pinnata', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 February 2014, 20:57 UTC,
[accessed 6 November 2014]
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.
USGS U.S. Weed Information
NE&GP, Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS, Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
USGS, Threatened and Endangered Information:
Ohio, Tansy-mustard, Threatened