Boechera perennans, Perennial Rockcress
Scientific Name: Boechera perennans
Common Name: Perennial Rockcress
Also Called: Rock Cress
Family: Brassicaceae, Mustard Family
Synonyms: (Arabis angulata, Arabis arcuata var. perennans, Arabis eremophila, Arabis gracilenta, Arabis perennans, Arabis recondite)
Size: Up to 20 inches.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; erect, single stem or few branches, stems glabrous or pubescent.
Leaves: Green, gray-green; basal, petioled, oblanceolate, dentate, with dense hairs; stems leaves sessile, smaller, a little over an inch long, higher stem leaves clasping.
Flower Color: Purple or pinkish; 4 petals, 4 sepals, several individual flowers on long slender stalks, fruit is a long, about 2 inches, capsule, technically a silique.
Flowering Season: September to October, April to July in California.
Elevation: 2,000 to 8,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: A relatively higher elevation species, found along rocky hillsides and canyons; in California along canyon walls, calcareous rocks, gravelly slopes and pinyon/juniper woodland.
Recorded Range: Perennial Rockcress is native to southwest United States and Mexico.
U.S. Weed Information: U.S. Weed Information: Genus species is listed in: Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide, Weeds of the Northeast, Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains, Weeds of the United States and Canada, and Weeds of the West. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Comments: As with many members of the mustard family, Perennial Rockcress is an early spring bloomer, one of the earliest to bloom in Arizona. Seldom observed in large numbers, it is always a pleasure to encounter this delightful species whose flowers are small but beautiful under a 10X hand-lens.
Perennial Rockcress, Boechera perennans, is often classified in the genus Arabis. However it has been re-assigned to the genus Boechera based on genetic information which shows major differences between Old- and New-World species. Thus, with the new genetic information most of the Old World members remain as Arabis and New World members re-classified as Boechera.
Several ethno-botanical uses have been identified for Common name including its use as for hiccoughs caused by a dry throat and a cold infusion was taken and used as a lotion for general body pain. See species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.