Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Zinnia peruviana, Peruvian Zinnia

Zinnia peruviana, Peruvian Zinnia, Southwest Desert Flora Zinnia peruviana, Peruvian Zinnia, Southwest Desert Flora Zinnia peruviana, Peruvian Zinnia, Southwest Desert Flora Zinnia peruviana, Peruvian Zinnia, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Zinnia peruviana
Common Name: Peruvian Zinnia
Also Called: Wild Zinnia (Spanish: indita, zinia)
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Chrysogonum peruvianum, Crassina multiflora, Zinnia multiflora, Zinnia pauciflora)
Status: Native
Duration:Annual
Size: 12 inches or so.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; usually a single, upright stem; mostly unbranched, greenish to purplish or yellowish, rough with fine coarse hairs.
Leaves: Leaves variable; without petioles (sessile); ovate to lanceolate; leaf surface rough like the stems.
Flower Color: Dark Red or maroon ray flowers; some yellow, disk flowers with yellow corolla tubes; flower heads single on tips of stems.
Flowering Season: August to September following monsoon rainfall.
Elevation: 4,000 to 5,500 feet
Habitat Preferences: Southern Arizona uplands, rocky hillsides, open sunny areas.

Recorded Range: In the United States Peruvian Zinnia is native only to southeastern Arizona. Records of non-native specimens have been recorded in the far southeast United States. This species is also native to Puerto Rico and all of Mexico to South America. Peruvian Zinnia is introduced in Hawaii and the Virgin Islands.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: 4 native species in Zinnia in the United States, primarily in the southwest, 3 invasive species. The genus Zinnia represents sub-tropical or tropical plants originating in Mexico and Central America.

Comments: Peruvian Zinnia is a tropical species native southeastern Arizona, the northern limits of its native range in the United States. With more than 100 cultivars, commercially sold Zinnias are among the most popular garden flowers that attract butterflies.

Also see in Southwest Desert Flora: Desert Zinnia, Zinnia acerosa and Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Zinnia grandiflora.

Date Profile Completed: 8/8/2012; Updated, 07/26/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, as Zinnia multiflora.
Alan R. Smith, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Zinnia, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford.
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/