Zinnia peruviana, Peruvian Zinnia
Scientific Name: Zinnia peruviana
Common Name: Peruvian Zinnia
Also Called: Wild Zinnia (Spanish: indita, zinia)
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Chrysogonum peruvianum, Crassina multiflora, Zinnia multiflora, Zinnia pauciflora)
Size: 12 inches or so.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; usually a single, upright stem; mostly unbranched, greenish to purplish or yellowish, rough with fine coarse hairs.
Leaves: Leaves variable; without petioles (sessile); ovate to lanceolate; leaf surface rough like the stems.
Flower Color: Dark Red or maroon ray flowers; some yellow, disk flowers with yellow corolla tubes; flower heads single on tips of stems.
Flowering Season: August to September following monsoon rainfall.
Elevation: 4,000 to 5,500 feet
Habitat Preferences: Southern Arizona uplands, rocky hillsides, open sunny areas.
Recorded Range: In the United States Peruvian Zinnia is native only to southeastern Arizona. Records of non-native specimens have been recorded in the far southeast United States. This species is also native to Puerto Rico and all of Mexico to South America. Peruvian Zinnia is introduced in Hawaii and the Virgin Islands.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Comments: Peruvian Zinnia is a tropical species native southeastern Arizona, the northern limits of its native range in the United States. With more than 100 cultivars, commercially sold Zinnias are among the most popular garden flowers that attract butterflies.