U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.
Genus Information: In North America there are 11 species and accepted taxa overall for genus. Worldwide, The Plant List includes 12 accepted species names and a further 17 scientific names of infraspecific rank for the genus Palafoxia.
P. linearis is a Mexican species
In the Southwestern United States: Arizona, California, Nevada and Utah each have 1 species of Palafoxia, New Mexico has 2 species and Texas has 7 species. All data approximate and subject to revision.
There are 2 sub-species in Palafoxia arida, Desert Palafox
Palafoxia arida var. gigantea, Giant Spanish Needle, (AZ, CA);
Palafoxia arida var. arida, Desert Palafox, (AZ, CA, NV, UT).
Comments: Desert Palafox was originally classified as Palafoxia linearis which is a Mexican species also called Desert Palafox, but one that does not reach as far north. Perhaps additional research will provide insight into the relationship between these two species, if in fact they are separate species.
In Southwest Desert Flora also see: Giant Spanish Needles, Palafoxia arida var. gigantea.
Importance to Wildlife, Birds and Livestock
Special Value to Native Bees, Butterflies and Insects
Insects may feed from the florets of Desert Palafox.
The genus Palafoxia is in honor of perhaps Josè Rebolledo de Palafox y Melzi (1776-1847), Duke of Saragossa. However, a paper published by Hervè M. Burdetin suggests that the first choice name was originally to honor and commemorate Juan de Palafox y Mendoza (1600-1659), who was a bishop and founder of the University of Mexico. The paper further suggests this is so because the other Palafox, Josè Regolledo de Palafox y Melzi became a national hero and the attribution was transferred to him.
The species epithet "arida" means "growing in dry places" or "dry land".
Ethnobotany: Cahuilla used it to make a yellow dye.