Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Packera neomexicana, New Mexico Groundsel

Packera neomexicana has showy large yellow flowers very similar to other species of the genus Packera and Senecio to which this species once belonged.  New Mexico GroundselPackera neomexicana has bracts surrounding the flower heads that are greenish or yellowish. These bracts or phyllaries are similar to all species of Packera and Senecio.  New Mexico GroundselPackera neomexicana has flower heads in open or compact cymose-like arrays as shown in the photo. The floral heads range from 3 to 20 per plant. Note that the flowers have both ray and disk florets.  New Mexico GroundselPackera neomexicana has whitish-green leaves that may be hairy or cob-webby. The leaves are ovate to lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate and often tomentose (whitish). The lower leaves have stems while the upper leaves do not. New Mexico GroundselPackera neomexicana blooms from April to August and prefers elevations from 3,000 to 9,000 feet (914-2,743 m). Plants are found on slopes and in canyons; mid to higher desert communities; Oak chaparral vegetation. New Mexico Groundsel

Scientific Name: Packera neomexicana
Common Name: New Mexico Groundsel

Also Called: Metcalf's Groundsel, New Mexico Ragwort, Toumey's Groundsel, Toumey's Ragwort

Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family

Synonyms: (Senecio neomexicana, Senecio neomexicanus var. neomexicana)

Status: Native

Duration: Annual, biennial or perennial

Size: 8 to 20 inches (20-50cm) or more.

Growth Form: Forb/herb; plants with 1 or more (2-5+), stems; clustered, lanate or arachnoid-tomentose or glabrescent.

Leaves: Green; both basal and lower cauline leaves with petioles that are hairy to glabrate, leaves ovate to lanceolate, or narrowly lanceolate, often tomentose; cauline leaves similar to basal leaves with middle and upper leaves without petiole (sessile), lanceolate, margins entire.

Flower Color: Yellow; floral heads in open or compact cymose-like arrays, floral heads 3 to 20 on bracteate, usually hairy peduncles; involucre surrounding heads is campanulate and the phyllaries are greenish or yellowish; heads radiate, ray florets from 8 to 13, disk florets from 40 to 60; fruit a brownish cypsela sometimes glabrous.

Flowering Season: April to August

Elevation: 3,000 to 9,000 feet (914-2,743 m)

Habitat Preferences: Slopes and canyons, rocky areas in mid to higher desert communities; Oak chaparral vegetation, less common in pine forests.

Recorded Range: New Mexico Groundsel is found in the southwestern United States in AZ, CO, NM, TX, UT; Arizona and New Mexico are the center of the distribution of this species.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Packera neomexicana.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: In North America there are 58 species for Packera. Worldwide, The Plant List includes 66 accepted species names and a further 159 scientific names of infraspecific rank for the genus. The genus Packera was published by Áskell Löve and Doris Benta Maria Löve in 1975. Packera is a genus that was previously included in the genus Senecio.

In the Southwestern United States: Arizona and Utah each have 11 species of genus, California has 16 species, Nevada has 8 species, New Mexico has 23 species, Texas has 11 species. All data approximate and subject to revision.

There are sub-species in Packera neomexicana;
Packera neomexicana var. metcalfei, Metcalf's Groundsel (AZ, NM);
Packera neomexicana var. mutabilis, New Mexico Groundsel (AZ, CO, NM, UT);
Packera neomexicana var. neomexicana, New Mexico Groundsel (AZ, NM, TX);
Packera neomexicana var. toumeyi, Toumey's Groundsel (AZ, NM);

Comments: A common and widely distributed species of Packera. The vast majority of Packera species are found at higher elevations and few have evolved successfully in the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts. Note that all 4 of the varieties are found in Arizona and New Mexico which is the epicenter of all species.

This genus was formerly included with the genus Senecio of which the bracts surrounding the floral heads closely resemble.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see: Oak Creek Ragwort, Packera quercetorum.

Importance to Wildlife, Birds and Livestock
Unknown

Special Value to Native Bees, Butterflies and Insects
Insects may feed from the florets of New Mexico Groundsel.

Etymology:
The genus Packera is named in honor of John George Packer (1929-2019) who specialized on the flora of Alberta and on Arctic and alpine flora. The genus Packera was published by Áskell Löve and Doris Benta Maria Löve in 1975.

The species epithet "neomexicana" (neomexica'na/neomexica'num:) means of or from New Mexico.

Ethnobotany
Packera neomexicana var. neomexicana is used as an antidote, burn dressing or other purposes by the Navajo Nation.
  • Navajo, Kayenta Drug, Antidote, Plant used as an antidote for narcotics.
  • Navajo, Kayenta Drug, Burn Dressing, Powdered plant, poultice of plant applied and plant used as lotion for burns.
  • Navajo, Kayenta Drug, Disinfectant, Plant used for bear infections.
  • Navajo, Ramah Drug, Hunting Medicine, Cold infusion used as lotion for good luck in hunting.

  • See complete listing of ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

    Date Profile Completed: 02/19/2020
    References:
    Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, Arizona Flora, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California; as Packera neomexicana.
    U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 02/18/2020)
    https://plants.usda.gov/java/stateSearch - for Packera
    The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 02/18/2020).
    http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Compositae/Packera/
    Debra K. Trock, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Packera; 36. Packera neomexicana 49: 47. 1981.; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford.
    FNA 2006, Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Editor: Steve Buckley, 2010, Field Guide from SEINet (accessed 02/18/2020).
    http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=Packera+neomexicana
    Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet http://www.wildflower.org/plants/ (accessed 02/19/2020). Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
    https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PANEM
    'Packera', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 13 February 2020, 03:26 UTC,
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Packera&oldid=940537410 [accessed 18 February 2020]
    SEINet synonyms, scientific names, geographic locations, general information.
    http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/
    Etymology:Michael L. Charters California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meanings and Derivations; A Dictionary of Botanical and Biographical Etymology - (accessed 02/03/2020)
    http://www.calflora.net/botanicalnames/pagePA-PH.html
    http://www.calflora.net/botanicalnames/pageN.html