Hymenopappus filifolius, Fineleaf Hymenopappus
Scientific Name: Hymenopappus filifolius
Common Name: Fineleaf Hymenopappus
Also Called: Columbia Cutleaf, Cutleaf, Fine-leaf Woollywhite
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Hymenopappus filifolius var, pauciflorus; Hymenopappus filifolius. var. megacephalus; Hymenopappus filifolius var. lugens; Hymenopappus filifolius nanus, and Hymenopappus filifolius var. cinereus)
Size: Up to 3 feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; herbage glabrous to heavily tomentose.
Leaves: Light green; basal leaves gray-green; about 2 inches, margins pinnately dissected twice, lobes linear or threadlike with glands.
Flower Color: Yellow or lemon yellow; discoid florets only, between 10 and 70 or more; corollas mostly yellow, sometimes whitish; phyllaries surrounding "flower" head also whitish to yellowish; fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: April to September.
Elevation: 2,500 7,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Various habitats from upper desert communities to pines and junipers in dry rocky slopes and mesas and limestone soils.
Recorded Range: Fineleaf Hymenopappus is found in the western United States, Saskatchewan and Alberta Canada and in Northern Mexico.
North America & US County Distribution Map for Hymenopappus filifolius.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Comments: Hymenopappus filifolius or Fineleaf Hymenopappus occurs in 13 varieties throughout much of North America, Arizona has 6 varieties in various habitats around the state. As a result, there is much (often subtle) variation in plants from one location to another and they may be difficult to identify individually to specific variety. However, most varieties seem to have enough similar characteristics that they can be easily recognizable to species.
Several ethno-botanical uses have been identified for Fineleaf Hymenopappus including uses as food, cough medicine, panacea, gastrointestinal aid and more.
See ethno-botanical uses for this species at the on-line site Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.