Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Agoseris heterophylla, Annual Agoseris


Scientific Name: Agoseris heterophylla
Common Name: Annual Agoseris

Also Called: Annual Goatsbeard, Mountain Dandelion

Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family

Synonyms: (Troximon chilense, Troximon heterophyllum)

Status: Native

Duration: Annual

Size: Up to 16 inches (erect, 0-5 cm)

Growth Form: Forb/herb; usually 1 stem; erect, slender taproot; small dandelion-like plant covered in small white-hairy pubescence; plants with milky sap.

Leaves: Light green; leaves spreading or ascending; basal, leaves (rosette), and sometimes stem or cauline leaves; leaf shape variable, often oblanceolate to spatulate and rarely linear; the leaf edges (margins) are usually smooth (entire) or with lobes and the lobes may be pinnatifid, and toothed (dentate); leaves smooth (glabrous) to densely hairy, white-opaque.

Flower Color: Yellow; single (solitary) flower heads; inflorescence of slender scapes (peduncles) which elongate after flowering; bracts surrounding flower heads (phyllaries) are green or rosy-purple and sometimes purple-black spotted or tipped; the corolla yellow; ligulate flowers only, florets 5 to 100 or more; fruit is a cypsela with a pappus of white bristles like a dandelion.

Flowering Season: March, to May, June, July, August and September

Elevation: 2,500 to 5,000 feet (762-1,524 m)

Habitat Preferences: Open areas in higher elevations, grassy hillsides on openings in brush, drier habitats in the plains, mesas and canyons.

Recorded Range: Agoseris glauca is found in the western United States and British Columbia: In the United States in AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT and WA.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Agoseris heterophylla.

North America species range map for Agoseris heterophylla:
North American range map courtesy of Virginia Tech, Dept. of Forest Resources & Environmental Conservation

North America species range map for Agoseris heterophylla: Click image for full size map
Click image for full size map

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: In North America there are 10 species and 10 accepted taxa overall for Agoseris. World wide, The Plant List includes 15 accepted species names and includes a further 72 of infraspecific rank for Agoseris. Common names for this genus are Mountain Dandelion and False Dandelion.
The genus Agoseris was published in 1817 by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque.

In the Southwestern United States: Arizona and New Mexico each have 3 species of Agoseris, California has 8 species, Nevada has 6 species, Texas has 0 species, Utah has 5 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

There are 6 varieties in Agoseris heterophylla;
Agoseris heterophylla var. crenulatas, Annual Agoseris, (CA, OR)
Agoseris heterophylla var. heterophylla, Annual Agoseris, (AZ, CA, CO, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA; BC)
Agoseris heterophylla var. turgida, Annual Agoseris, (CA, OR).

Comments: Annual Agoseris is not a desert species. It is included here because it is common and might be encountered. It belongs to a small genus of plants with rosette leaves and resembling the common dandelion with their similar yellow flowers and puff ball seed heads. Adding to confusion are the common names for Agoseris such as Mountain- and False-Dandelion. (See Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale.

Annual Agoseris is one of three species of Agoseris native to Arizona which also includes Pale Agoseris, Agoseris glauca, and Orange Agoseris, Agoseris aurantiaca.

Importance to Wildlife, Birds and Livestock
Seeds of Agoseris heterophylla may likely be eaten by birds and small mammals.

Special Value to Native Bees, Butterflies and Insects
Agoseris heterophylla flowers may be visited by butterflies, bees and other small insects.

Etymology:
The genus Agoseris (Agos'eris:) is from the Greek name for goat chicory.
The genus Agoseris was published in 1817 by Constantine Samuel Rafinesque.

The specific epithet, heterophylla (heterophyl'la/heterophyl'lum/heterophyl'lus:) means that the leaves are different on the same plant.

Ethnobotany
No data available

Date Profile Completed: 06/05/2013; updated 09/21/2020
References:
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
https://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=AGOSE&display=31
https://plants.usda.gov/checklist.html
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed 04/20/2020).
http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/browse/A/Compositae/Agoseris/
Gary I. Baird 2012, Agoseris heterophylla, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=794, accessed on April 20, 2020.
https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=794
Gary I. Baird, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 19, 20 and 21 | Asteraceae| Agoseris; 9. Agoseris heterophylla (Nuttall) Greene, Pittonia. 2: 178. 1891. Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford.
Wikipedia contributors, 'Agoseris heterophylla', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 4 April 2020, 00:47 UTC,
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agoseris_heterophylla&oldid=948974578 [accessed 20 April 2020]
FNA 2006, Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969; Editor; S.Buckley, 2010 from SEINet Field Guide, on-line; (accessed 04/20/2020).
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?tid=2746&taxauthid=1&clid=0
SEINet synonyms, scientific names, geographic locations, general information
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/
Etymology:Michael L. Charters California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meanings and Derivations; A Dictionary of Botanical and Biographical Etymology - (accessed 04/20/2020)
http://www.calflora.net/botanicalnames/pageAB-AM.html
http://www.calflora.net/botanicalnames/pageHA-HE.html