Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Trianthema portulacastrum, Desert Horsepurslane

Trianthema portulacastrum, Desert Horsepurslane, Southwest Desert Flora Trianthema portulacastrum, Desert Horsepurslane, Southwest Desert Flora Trianthema portulacastrum, Desert Horsepurslane, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Trianthema portulacastrum
Common Name: Desert Horsepurslane
Also Called: Desert Horse-purslane, Horse Purslane, Black Pigweed, and Giant Pigweed (Spanish: Verdolaga de Cochi, Verdolago de Cochi, Verdolaga Blanca (Bronca))
Family: Aizoaceae, Ice Plant Family
Synonyms: (Trianthema monogyna, Trianthema procumbens)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual or perennial
Size: 18 inches, usually lower.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; seasonal following rain, low growing; prostrate, forms mats, sometimes with the branch extremities curved upward, semi-succulent, mostly glabrous, lines of fine hairs near the leaves.
Leaves: Green, shiny green or reddish-green; fleshy, opposite, round, oval or obovate, short petioles, leaves paired along stems, unequal in size, with translucent stipules at leaf base.
Flower Color: Purple; tiny with horn-like appendage, lack petals, single flowers, sessile in axils, also with stipules, fruit is a capsule.
Flowering Season: June to October; blooms later (November) in California.
Elevation: 1,000 to 4,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Irrigated areas, moist areas, disturbed areas after heavy rainfall.
Recorded Range: Intermittent populations throughout the southern United States and Mexico. It is also native to the West Indies, Central America, South America and Africa. An introduced species in Hawaii and elsewhere.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Trianthema portulacastrum.

U.S. Weed Information: Trianthema portulacastrum is listed in: Weeds of the United States and Canada. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: Trianthema portulacastrum is on the USDA 2012 National Wetland Plant List as occurring in wetlands and non-wetlands.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: One species in Trianthema in United States and Arizona. Desert Horsepurslane is native to northern, southern and southeast Arizona.

Comments: Desert Horsepurslane is a common short-lived shiny green or reddish-green succulent looking plant often found in areas of receding pools of water.

Desert Horsepurslane has ethno-botanical uses identified at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 11/13/2014
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database – ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
Wayne R. Ferren Jr., FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Aizoaceae | Trianthema, FNA Vol. 4 Page 83, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 11/13/2014).
Wikipedia contributors, 'Trianthema portulacastrum', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 November 2013, 08:33 UTC,
[accessed 13 November 2014]
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: ttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 11/13/2014)
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/.
USGS Plants.com; Weed and wetland information:
Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
Arid West, FAC; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, FACW; Caribbean, FAC; Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, UPL; Great Plains, FACW; Hawaii, FAC; Midwest, FACW. Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC