Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Anacardiaceae, Cashew or Sumac Family

The Anacardiaceae, Cashew or Sumac Family is a relatively small family although a few members have significant economic importance. These would include the Cashew (Anacardium) actually the type genus of the family and the notable Pistachio Tree formerly included in its own family, the Pistaciaceae. Other important family members include mango, poison ivy, sumac and the Peruvian Pepper.

Also included in the Anacardiaceae family; Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron), Sumac (Rhus), Mango (Mangifera), the beautiful Eurasian Smoke Tree, Cotinus) and the Peruvian Pepper.

Family Characteristics: Mostly trees and shrubs, and a few vines; flowers are mostly small and often inconspicuous; plants with a resin or milky sap that is foul-smelling.

In North America, according to the USDA Plants Database, there are 22 genera with 75 accepted taxa overall in the Anacardiaceae family. World-wide, The Plant List identifies 72 plant genera with 548 accepted species names in the family.

By far the largest North American genus is Rhus with about 20 species.

Family profile completed 02/15/2017, updated 01/21/2020 References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database – ITIS search (accessed 01/12/2020).
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed 01/12/2020).
'Anacardiaceae', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 December 2019, 20:42 UTC, [accessed 12 January 2020]