Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Passiflora mexicana, Mexican Passionflower

Passiflora mexicana, Mexican PassionflowerPassiflora mexicana, Mexican PassionflowerPassiflora mexicana, Mexican PassionflowerPassiflora mexicana, Mexican PassionflowerPassiflora mexicana, Mexican PassionflowerPassiflora mexicana, Mexican Passionflower

Scientific Name: Passiflora mexicana
Common Name: Mexican Passionflower
Also Called: Mexican Passion Flower, Passion Flower, (Spanish: Ojo de Venado, Díctamo Real, Itamo Real)
Family: Passifloraceae or Passion Vine Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial;
Size: Up to 24 feet vining through adjacent vegetation.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, vine; bracts present.
Leaves: Green; bi lobed, sometimes variegated, margins entire.
Flower Color: Green, to yellow-green, the corona red or reddish purple; sepals much larger than the inconspicuous petals, peduncled paired or solitary, fruit a subglobose berry
Flowering Season: July to August (October).
Elevation: 2,500 to 5,000 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Usually along streams, thickets near riparian areas, washes, sometimes on dry mesas.

Recorded Range: Mexican Passionflower is very rare in the United States. It is native only to Arizona in the southeastern counties of; Cochise, Graham, Pima, Pinal and Santa Cruz counties.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Passiflora mexicana.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: USDA lists 50 species for Passiflora mostly in the southern half of the United States.

The USDA also reports that Arizona has 4 species in Passiflora, California has 3 species, New Mexico has 0 species and Texas has 8 species.

The Plant List identifies more than 500 species names for Passiflora.

Comments: Mexican Passionflower is rare in the United States where it is only found in south and southeast Arizona.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see Arizona Passionflower, Passiflora, arizonica.

Date Profile Completed: 04/09/2016, updated format 09/29/2017
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
MacDougal, John M. 2001. Passifloraceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 33(1)
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed 04/09/2016).
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information