Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Argemone gracilenta, Sonoran Pricklypoppy

Argemone gracilenta, Sonoran PricklypoppyArgemone gracilenta, Sonoran PricklypoppyArgemone gracilenta, Sonoran PricklypoppyArgemone gracilenta, Sonoran PricklypoppyArgemone gracilenta, Sonoran PricklypoppyArgemone gracilenta, Sonoran Pricklypoppy

Scientific Name: Argemone gracilenta
Common Name: Sonoran Pricklypoppy
Also Called: Prickly Poppy, Sonoran Prickly Poppy (Spanish: Cardo, Chicalote)
Family: Papaveraceae or Poppy Family
Synonyms: (Argemone intermedia)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial.
Size: Up to 3 feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; moderately prickly.
Leaves: Green; prickly on main vein, adaxial with few prickles, basal leaves variable, shallowly or deeply lobed the distal ends do not clasp.
Flower Color: White to cream; buds subglobose to oblong, sepal horns slender, unarmed or 1 or 2 prickles near the base, flowers large, up to 3.5 inches wide, showy, filaments pale yellow, fruit a capsule, scattered-prickly
Flowering Season: Spring.
Elevation: 1,500 to 5,000 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Sandy, gravelly soils, slopes and washes and out wash plains.

Recorded Range: Argemone gracilenta is rare in the United States. It is only found in the western 23 of the state, primarily in the central and southwestern parts of the state.
Sonoran Pricklypoppy is also found in Baja California and Sonora Mexico.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Argemone gracilenta .

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: 17 species in Argemone listed in; 6 species in Arizona, 2 species in California, 5 species in New Mexico and 8 species in Texas.

The Plant List includes 32 accepted species world-wide for the genus Argemone.

Comments: Sonoran Pricklypoppy is difficult to identify correctly in the field from other closely related species similar in appearance.

In Southwestern Desert Flora also see, Southwestern Pricklypoppy, Argemone pleiacantha.

Date Profile Completed: 04/02/2016, updated format 09/29/2017
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California, as Argemone intermedia and as Argemone gracilenta in the Supplement.
Gerald B. Ownbey,FNA Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Papaveraceae | 9. Argemone pleiacantha, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 04/01/2016).
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed 04/01/2016).
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information