Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Echeandia flavescens, Torrey's Craglily

Torrey's Craglily has small but showy orange-yellow lily-type flowers. These Lilies bloom from May to October and from July to September in Texas. They are sometimes encountered in high desert transition areas. Echeandia flavescensTorrey's Craglily or Amberlily grow to about 1 ½ feet tall or more, with scapepose stems and roots enlarged from corms. Echeandia flavescens Torrey's Craglily grows at elevations from 4,500 to 9,000 feet, they are common in pinyon-juniper, oak and pine woodlands. The fruit is an oblong capsule. Echeandia flavescens

Scientific Name: Echeandia flavescens
Common Name: Torrey's Craglily
Also Called: Amberlily (Spanish: Coyamol)
Family: Liliaceae or Lily Family
Synonyms: (Anthericum flavescens, Anthericum torreyi, Echeandia leptophylla, Echeandia pusilla)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 2 feet or less.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; stems scapepose; roots enlarged from corms.
Leaves: Green; leaves narrowly linear, grasslike; leaf margins with fine teeth; leaves clustered at the bottom.
Flower Color: Orange-yellow with a green stripe down the center; tepals; flowers open in the morning, close in the afternoon; inflorescence a slender raceme; flowers facing upward or away from the stem, flower blades elliptic; fruit an oblong capsule.
Flowering Season: May to October; July to September in Texas (may begin mid-May).
Elevation: 4,500 to 9,000 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Common in juniper, oak and pine woodlands.

Recorded Range: Echeandia flavescens is relatively rare in the United States and is native to AZ, NM, TX. Largest populations of this species are found in northern and southern Arizona. Spotted populations in NM and TX. It is also native to northern Mexico.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Echeandia flavescens.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.
Wetland Indicator: No information available.

Threatened/Endangered Information: In North America Echeandia flavescens listed as "Salvage Restricted" by the State of Arizona.

Genus Information: In North America there are 3 species and 3 accepted taxa overall for genus. World wide, The Plant List includes 80 accepted species names and a further 17 infraspecific rank for the genus.

In the Southwestern United States: Arizona and New Mexico each have 1 species of genus, California, Nevada and Utah have 0 species, Texas has 3 species. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.

Comments: Echeandia flavescens, Torrey's Craglily is not a desert species and is included here for identification purposes when encountered in a transition area.

Echeandia flavescens, Torrey's Craglily has been used for a variety of purposes by western North American indigenous peoples.

  • Navajo, Ramah Drug, Gynecological Aid; Cold infusion of root taken to ease delivery of placenta.
  • Navajo, Ramah Drug, Veterinary Aid; Cold infusion of root used as a lotion on sheep's swollen leg.
  • Navajo, Ramah Drug, Veterinary Aid; Cold simple or compound infusion given to livestock as an aphrodisiac.

  • See ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

    Date Profile Completed: 03/01/2017, updated format 10/12/2017
    Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California, as Anthericum torreyi.
    U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search - (accessed 03/01/2017)
    The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed 03/01/2017).
    Robert W. Cruden, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Echeandia | 2. Echeandia flavescens (Schultes & Schultes f.) Cruden, Sida. 9: 146. 1981.; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford.
    Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet [accessed: 03/01/2017]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
    SEINet synonyms, scientific names, geographic locations, general information - (accessed 03/01/2017).