Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Marrubium vulgare, White Horehound

Marrubium vulgare, White HorehoundMarrubium vulgare, White HorehoundMarrubium vulgare, White HorehoundMarrubium vulgare, White HorehoundMarrubium vulgare, White Horehound

Scientific Name: Marrubium vulgare
Common Name: White Horehound
Also Called: Common Horehound, Horehound (Spanish: Mastrán, Marrubio, Marrufo)
Family: Lamiaceae or Mint Family
Synonyms: ()
Status: Introduced
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 3 feet or more.
Growth Form: Subshrub; white woolly stems.
Leaves: Grayish-green, green; leaves pubescent with crinkled surfaces.
Flower Color: White; flowers in clusters on upper end of main stem in leaf axils, fruit a nutlet.
Flowering Season: April to September.
Elevation: 1,000 to 8,000 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Along roads, riparian and moist areas.

Recorded Range: White Horehound is found throughout most of the United States and parts of Canada. It is also an introduced species in Baja California, Mexico and South America. In Arizona it is found throughout all of the state in preferred habitats.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Marrubium vulgare.

U.S. Weed Information: Marrubium vulgare is listed in: Weeds of the West. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.

Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.

Wetland Indicator: In North America Marrubium vulgare has the following wetland designations; Alaska, FAC; Arid West, FACU; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, FACU; Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, UPL; Great Plains, FACU; Midwest, FAC; Northcentral & Northeast, FACU and Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU.
FAC = Facultative, occur in wetlands and non-wetlands
FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.

Threatened/Endangered Information: No information available.

Genus Information: 3 non-native species in Marrubium in the United States, parts of Canada and Mexico. 1 species in Arizona and California.

Comments: White Horehound is native to Europe and northern Africa and southwestern and central Asia and naturalized throughout most of the United States and parts of Canada and Mexico.

White Horehound has been used for a variety of botanical uses including for cold remedies and cough medicine by indigenous peoples. See all ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 10/14/2105, updated format 09/27/2017
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California.
Wikipedia contributors, 'Marrubium vulgare', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 30 June 2015, 00:50 UTC, [accessed 14 October 2015]
Christy, Charlotte M. Lamiaceae. 2003. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 35(2).
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information