Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead

Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead Dracocephalum parviflorum, American DragonheadDracocephalum parviflorum, American DragonheadDracocephalum parviflorum, American DragonheadDracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead

Scientific Name: Dracocephalum parviflorum
Common Name: American Dragonhead
Also Called: Dragonhead, Dragonhead Mint, Dragon's Head, False Dragonhead
Family: Lamiaceae or Mint Family
Synonyms: (Moldavica parviflora)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual, biennial or perennial;
Size: Up to 2½ feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; erect, stems solitary or clustered, glabrous.
Leaves: Green; oblong sharply and coarsely toothed.
Flower Color: Pale blue, pink, purplish pink or violet; flowers in dense, oblong, leafy, often crowded in axillary whorls or clusters; fruit a nutlet.
Flowering Season: April to October.
Elevation: 3,500 to 8,500 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Various habitats throughout its broad range; open moist areas, pinyon-juniper and coniferous communities.

Recorded Range: American Dragonhead is found throughout much of North America, Canada and Alaska south to Arizona and eastward to Missouri and North Carolina. American Dragonhead is particularly common in the Great Lakes region and deserts and mountains of the West. In Arizona it is found typically in the northern 23 of the state.

North America & Counties Distribution Map for Dracocephalum parviflorum.

U.S. Weed Information: No information available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No information available.

Wetland Indicator: In North America Dracocephalum parviflorum has the following wetland designations; Alaska, FACU; Arid West, FACU; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, FACU; Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, FACU; Great Plains, FACU; Midwest, FACU; Northcentral& Northeast, FACU; and Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU.
FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.

Threatened/Endangered Information: Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead is listed as Endangered in New York and Threatened in Vermont.

Genus Information: 3 species in Dracocephalum in throughout most of the northern 23 of North America. 1 species in Arizona.

The Plant List includes 173 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Dracocephalum. Of these 74 are accepted species names.

Comments: American Dragonhead is found in various habitats throughout its broad range rom open moist areas, pinyon-juniper and coniferous communities.


Parts of the plant American Dragonhead are used for infants with diarrhea; an infusion of the leaves taken for headache and as an eyewash. See all ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 10/12/2105, updated format 09/27/2017
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, California, as Moldavica parviflora.
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed 10/12/2105).
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names, recorded geographic locations and general information
Wikipedia contributors, 'Dracocephalum parviflorum', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 20 April 2015, 16:23 UTC, [accessed 12 October 2015]