Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Lupinus concinnus, Bajada Lupine

Lupinus concinnus, Bajada Lupine, Southwest Desert Flora Lupinus concinnus, Bajada Lupine, Southwest Desert Flora Lupinus concinnus, Bajada Lupine, Southwest Desert Flora Lupinus concinnus, Bajada Lupine, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Lupinus concinnus
Common Name: Bajada Lupine

Also Called: Annual Lupine, Elegant Lupine, Nipomo Mesa Annual Lupine, Scarlet Lupine; (Spanish: Trèbola, Lupino)

Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae Family

Synonyms: ()

Status: Native

Duration: Annual

Size: Up to 8 inches (20 cm) or so.

Growth Form: Bajada Lupine is a multiple branched forb/herb covered with fuzzy looking, mostly dense short soft erect hairs, the stems are often upright or spreading out horizontally often ultimately turning upward.

Leaves: Bajada Lupine has compact green or light green to silvery-green leaves that are noticeably hairy or fuzzy; the leaves are palmately compound and the tips of the leaflets are rounded or oval at the edges.

Flower Color: Bajada Lupine has purple or pink and white pea-like flowers that are on a flowering stalk above the leaves and with only 1 to 3 or 4 flowers blooming at any one time; the fruit is a straight fuzzy legume pod.

Flowering Season: March, April and May.

Elevation: Usually lower than 5,500 feet (1,676 m).

Habitat Preferences: Various habitat types but common in sandy desert areas, open or disturbed areas and mid-level grasslands.

Recorded Range: Bajada Lupine is a common native plant in the Southwestern United States where it is found in; AZ, CA, NM, NV, TX and UT. Bajada Lupine is a Mojave Desert leaning species with the primary center of distribution found in southern California, southern Utah and Arizona; smaller population grouping are found in Utah, New Mexico and Texas.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Lupinus concinnus.

North America species range map for Bajada Lupine Lupinus concinnus:

North America species range map for Bajada Lupine Lupinus concinnus:
Click image for full size map.

U.S. Weed Information: Unknown
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: Unknown
Wetland Indicator: Unknown
Threatened/Endangered Information: Unknown

Genus Information: In North America, USDA Plants Database lists 356 species for Lupinus which includes sub-species and varieties. Worldwide, World Flora Online includes 630 accepted species names for the genus. The Plant List lists 626 species of Lupinus and an additional 446 of infraspecific rank for the genus Lupinus.

The genus Lupinus was published in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, (1707-1778).

Members of the genus Lupine are native to North and South America and also to North Africa and the Mediterranean.

In the Southwestern United States: Arizona has 26 species of Lupinus, California has 94 species, Nevada has 40 species, New Mexico has 19 species, Texas has 8 species, Utah has 25 species. Data approximate, subject to revision.

There are 3 sub-species in Lupinus concinnus;
  • Lupinus concinnus subsp. concinnus, (CA);
  • Lupinus concinnus subsp. optatus, (CA);
  • Lupinus concinnus subsp. orcuttii, Orcutt's Lupine, (see range above);
  • Comments: Also see in Southwest Desert Flora; Arizona Lupine, Lupinus arizonicus; Hill's Lupine, Lupinus hillii and Coulter's Lupine, Lupinus sparsiflorus.

    Importance to Wildlife, Birds and Livestock
    Bajada Lupine, Lupinus concinnus has attractive flowers, the flowers and their seeds may be visited by hummingbirds and/or small mammals including rodents and granivorous birds in search of nectar or food.

    Beneficial Value to Butterflies, Honey Bees and Insects
    Bajada Lupine, Lupinus concinnus has attractive flowers, the flowers and their plants may be visited by butterflies, moths, flies, honeybees, Native Bees and other insects in search of food and nectar.

    ****Special Value to Native Bees****
    According to The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation or other source, Bajada Lupine, Lupinus concinnus, is recognized by pollination ecologists as attracting large numbers of Native bees. Click here for more information on their Pollinator Conservation Program.

    The genus “Lupinus” (Lupi'nus:) is from the Latin words lupus or lupinus for "wolf," a reference to the earlier thoughts that the plants were robbing soil or nutrients; Lupinus species actually replenishes the soil.

    The genus Lupinus was published in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, (1707-1778).

    The species epithet concinnus (concin'nus:) means neat, well-made, elegant.

    The taxon Lupinus concinnus was described in 1835 by Jakob Georg Agardh, (1813-1901).

    Ethnobotany - Native American Ethnobotany; University of Michigan - Dearborn

    Date Profile Completed: 08/25/2015, updated 02/06/2022
    References and additional information:; Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database and USGS ITIS search; accessed on-line; 02/04/2022.
    World Flora Online; A Project of the World Flora Online Consortium; An Online Flora of All Known Plants - (accessed on-line; 02/05Unknown The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; (accessed on-line; 02/05/2022).
    Teresa Sholars (perennials, annuals in part) & Rhonda Riggins (annuals in part) 2020, Lupinus concinnus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 8,, accessed on February 06, 2022
    Native Plant Information Network, NPIN. Published on the Internet; accessed 02/06/2022. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
    Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969; Editor: S.Buckley, 2010; from SEINet Field Guide, on-line; accessed 02/06/2022.
    Kleiman, Russ, Dr., Associate Botanist, Dale A. Zimmerman Herbarium; Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness; Lupinus concinnus, (Elegant Lupine); - accessed 02/06/2022; Presented in Association with the Western New Mexico University Department of Natural Sciences
    T. Beth Kinsey, Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and Plants; Lupinus concinnus – Bajada Lupine - accessed 02/06/2022.
    Seiler, John, Peterson, John, North American species range map courtesy of Virginia Tech, Dept. of Forest Resources & Environmental Conservation
    SEINet synonyms, scientific names, geographic locations, general information.
    Etymology: Michael L. Charters California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meanings and Derivations; A Dictionary of Botanical and Biographical Etymology - (accessed on-line; 01/14/2022)
    IPNI (2020). International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. [Retrieved on-line; 04 February 2022].