Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Hesperidanthus linearifolius, (Schoenocrambe), Slimleaf Plainsmustard

Hesperidanthus linearifolius, Slimleaf Plainsmustard, Southwest Desert Flora Hesperidanthus linearifolius, Slimleaf Plainsmustard, Southwest Desert Flora Hesperidanthus linearifolius, Slimleaf Plainsmustard, Southwest Desert Flora Hesperidanthus linearifolius, Slimleaf Plainsmustard, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Hesperidanthus linearifolius, Schoenocrambe linearifolia
Common Name: Slimleaf Plainsmustard
Also Called: Slimleaf Plains Mustard
Family: Brassicaceae, Mustard Family
Synonyms: (Schoenocrambe linearifolia, Thelypodiopsis linearifolia, Thelypodium linearifolium, Sisymbrium linearifolium, Streptanthus linearifolius)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 3 ½ feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub, erect, tall slender stem or a few stems, branched.
Leaves: Green, simple, long, up to 2 inches or more, narrow or linear with petioles, margins entire.
Flower Color: Purple or pink-purple; ½ inch petals with darker purple veins, sepals also purplish; flowers on tips of slender unbranched stems (racemes), flowers with long stems or pedicels , fruit is a long capsule.
Flowering Season: May to September, in California July to November and in Texas March through November.
Elevation: 2,500 to 9,500 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Variable, chaparral and pinyon-juniper and pine forests.

Recorded Range: In the United States Slimleaf Plainsmustard is a native of AZ, NM, CO and TX. In is found throughout much of Arizona.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Hesperidanthus linearifolius, as Schoenocrambe linearifolia.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: 4 species in Schoenocrambe (=Hesperidanthus). 1 species in Arizona.

Comments: In Arizona, Slimleaf Plainsmustard is found in fringes of the upper Sonoran desert in mid- to high-elevations in pinyon-juniper and oak-woodland chaparral. The plants in the photographs above were taken in southern Arizona, Patagonia Mountains in the Coronado National Forest.

Slimleaf Plainsmustard has been used in ceremonial medicine and as eye medicine other ethno-botanical uses at Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 11/8/2014, 07/21/2015, updated format 10/11/2017
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database – ITIS search
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, as Sisymbrium linearifolium.
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Hesperidanthus, FNA Vol. 7 Page 689, 690, 691, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 11/8/2014).
Native Plant Information Network, NPIN (2013). Published on the Internet [accessed: 11/8/2014]. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center at The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations,