Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod
Scientific Name: Solidago missouriensis
Common Name: Missouri Goldenrod
Also Called: Prairie Goldenrod
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Solidago glaberrima, Solidago tenuissima, Solidago missouriensis var. 7 varieties)
Duration: Perennial, rhizomes
Size: Up to 2 feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; erect, multiple green or reddish stems;, low growing, usually glabrous; forming small colonies, base becoming woody with age.
Leaves: Green; shiny, glabrous, alternate, mostly prominent 3 parallel veins; basal leaves longest; mostly narrowly lanceolate, elliptic or linear; sessile, margins mostly serrated.
Flower Color: Golden yellow; showy flower heads radiate; small 7 to 13 yellow rays, small heads on upper side of branches; flower heads nodding; plume or plumose shaped, fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: June to August.
Elevation: 5,000 to 9,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Upper elevations, open pine forests, grasslands, dry or moist soils, sandy or gravelly soils, along streams and in disturbed areas.
Recorded Range: Found throughout most of central United States, Canada and northern Mexico. Throughout most of Arizona in higher elevations.
U.S. Weed Information: Solidago missouriensis is listed in: Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plain. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: The state of Michigan has listed Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod as Threatened.
Solidago missouriensis var. fasciculate, Missouri Goldenrod,
Solidago missouriensis var. missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod and
Solidago missouriensis var. tenuissima, also Missouri Goldenrod.
Comments: Missouri Goldenrod an upland species. It is highly variable across its wide range and at least four varieties are currently accepted. It is a low growing goldenrod growing in mostly sunny areas in dry soils.
In early summer it is easy to recognize because it is one of the earliest goldenrods to bloom.
Its nectar or pollen is readily sought after by vast array of small insects including bees, wasps, flies, beetles and butterflies.