Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod

Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod, Southwest Desert Flora Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod, Southwest Desert Flora    Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod, Southwest Desert Flora   Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod, Southwest Desert Flora


Scientific Name: Solidago missouriensis
Common Name: Missouri Goldenrod
Also Called: Prairie Goldenrod
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Solidago glaberrima, Solidago tenuissima, Solidago missouriensis var. 7 varieties)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial, rhizomes
Size: Up to 2 feet or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; erect, multiple green or reddish stems;, low growing, usually glabrous; forming small colonies, base becoming woody with age.
Leaves: Green; shiny, glabrous, alternate, mostly prominent 3 parallel veins; basal leaves longest; mostly narrowly lanceolate, elliptic or linear; sessile, margins mostly serrated.
Flower Color: Golden yellow; showy flower heads radiate; small 7 to 13 yellow rays, small heads on upper side of branches; flower heads nodding; plume or plumose shaped, fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: June to August.
Elevation: 5,000 to 9,000 feet.

Habitat Preferences: Upper elevations, open pine forests, grasslands, dry or moist soils, sandy or gravelly soils, along streams and in disturbed areas.

Recorded Range: Found throughout most of central United States, Canada and northern Mexico. Throughout most of Arizona in higher elevations.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Solidago missouriensis.

U.S. Weed Information: Solidago missouriensis is listed in: Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plain. Plants included here may become weedy or invasive.

Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.

Threatened/Endangered Information: The state of Michigan has listed Solidago missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod as Threatened.

Genus Information: 75 species in Solidago throughout most of North America. 9 species in Arizona. 4 varieties of Solidago missouriensis, 3 varieties in Arizona;
Solidago missouriensis var. fasciculate, Missouri Goldenrod,
Solidago missouriensis var. missouriensis, Missouri Goldenrod and
Solidago missouriensis var. tenuissima, also Missouri Goldenrod.

Comments: Missouri Goldenrod an upland species. It is highly variable across its wide range and at least four varieties are currently accepted. It is a low growing goldenrod growing in mostly sunny areas in dry soils.

In early summer it is easy to recognize because it is one of the earliest goldenrods to bloom.

Its nectar or pollen is readily sought after by vast array of small insects including bees, wasps, flies, beetles and butterflies.

Date Profile Completed: 07/19/2012, rev. 08/18/2012; Updated, 07/26/2015, updated format 10/11/2017
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960 ,University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
John C. Semple, Rachel E. Cook, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Solidago, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 08/18/2012)
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/
Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 1999. Michigan's special plants (20 October 2002). Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Michigan.