Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Isocoma pluriflora, Southern Goldenbush

Isocoma pluriflora, Southern Goldenbush, Southwest Desert Flora Isocoma pluriflora, Southern Goldenbush, Southwest Desert Flora Isocoma pluriflora, Southern Goldenbush, Southwest Desert Flora    Isocoma pluriflora, Southern Goldenbush, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Isocoma pluriflora
Common Name: Southern Goldenbush
Also called: Jimmyweed, Southern Jimmyweed and Rayless Goldenrod
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Haplopappus heterophyllus, Haplopappus pluriflorus, Isocoma wrightii)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 3 ½ feet.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; erect, several vertical stems; older plants woody; mostly glabrous; in coldest areas stems die back to crown.
Leaves: Light green, dull-green; leaves alternate, narrowly linear or elliptical, margins mostly entire, some toothed.
Flower Color: Yellow; disk flowers only, 8 or more florets, small heads in cluster of 25 or more on end of stems, fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: June to October.
Elevation: Up to 5,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Mesas and plains with saline, sandy, clay or alkaline soils, common along roadsides in preferred habitats.
Recorded Range: In the United States, this species is limited in distribution to the southwestern states of AZ, CO, NM and TX. It is also found in northern Mexico. It occurs throughout much of Arizona.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: 11 species in Isocoma, all in southwestern United States. 5 species are native to Arizona.

Comments: Southern Goldenbush is another of the fall blooming yellow daisies that were formerly included in the genus Haplopappus. It is another indicator species of over grazed rangeland. Ranchers attempt to control and limit dense stands of this and other similar species because its presence reduces more desireable browse species. Southern Burroweed is similar in appearance to Burroweed, Isocoma tenuisecta and may superficially resemble several species of Rabbitbrush and Goldenweed. This species is believed to cause "trembles" in livestock and "milk sickness" in humans.

Other species in Southwest Desert Flora include: Alkali Goldenbush, Isocoma acradenia and Rusby's Goldenbush, Isocoma rusbyi.

Several herbal uses that have been described for this species and include use of the plant as a lotion to heal an infant's navel, a poultice of the plant was applied for muscular pain and chewing of the leaves to reduce coughing. See species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 6/18/2012, updated: 08/05/2012; Updated, 07/26/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, as Aplopappus heterophyllus.
Guy L. Nesom, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Isocoma, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 08/05/2012)
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/