Gaillardia pinnatifida, Red Dome Blanketflower
Scientific Name: Gaillardia pinnatifida
Common Name: Red Dome Blanketflower
Also Called: Blanket Flower, Blanketflower, Red-dome Blanketflower, Slender Gaillardia, Slender Gallardia and Yellow Gaillardia
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Gaillardia flava; Gaillardia gracilis; Gaillardia mearnsii; Gaillardia pinnatifida var. linearis)
Duration: Perennial, rhizomatous roots.
Size: Up to 2 feet.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; erect, slender.
Leaves: Light green or greenish-gray; alternate; leaf shape variable; margins pinnately divided, linear lobes mostly on lower parts of plant.
Flower Color: Yellow solitary showy flowers; flower heads up to 2 inches on long slender stalks (peduncles) up to 10 inches or more, radiate heads, ray flowers 5 to 12 or more, ray florets yellow with 3 clefts on margin; numerous disk flowers appear dome shaped, maroon or purplish; fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: April to October.
Elevation: 3,500 to 7,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Upper desert scrub, sunny open clearings in pine forests, pinyon-juniper, grasslands, mesas, plains and sandy areas.
Recorded Range: Southwestern United States; AZ, CO, NM, NV, OK, TX and UT. Also native to northern and central Mexico. In northern, eastern and southern Arizona.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Gaillardia pinnatifida linearis, Red Dome Blanketflower
Gaillardia pinnatifida pinnatifida, also called Red Dome Blanketflower.
Comments: Red Dome Blanketflower is a showy plant and highly variable across its wide range. In Arizona it is usually found at elevations above 3,500 feet most often along roadsides.
Gaillardia as a whole are generally referred to as the blanket flowers and many attract insects especially butterflies. Gaillardia are typically produce single flower heads in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, red, purplish, brown, white, or even bicolored. The genus was named after an M. Gaillard de Charentonneau, an 18th-century French magistrate and botanist.
Also see in Southwest Desert Flora, Firewheel, Gaillardia pulchella.
Red Dome Blanketflower is a remedy for many diseases by the Hopi and Navajo, as well as a food preservative by the Havasupai. See species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.