Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Gaillardia pinnatifida, Red Dome Blanketflower

Gaillardia pinnatifida, Red Dome Blanketflower, Southwest Desert Flora Gaillardia pinnatifida, Red Dome Blanketflower, Southwest Desert Flora Gaillardia pinnatifida, Red Dome Blanketflower, Southwest Desert Flora     Gaillardia pinnatifida, Red Dome Blanketflower, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Gaillardia pinnatifida
Common Name: Red Dome Blanketflower
Also Called: Blanket Flower, Blanketflower, Red-dome Blanketflower, Slender Gaillardia, Slender Gallardia and Yellow Gaillardia
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Gaillardia flava; Gaillardia gracilis; Gaillardia mearnsii; Gaillardia pinnatifida var. linearis)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial, rhizomatous roots.
Size: Up to 2 feet.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, subshrub; erect, slender.
Leaves: Light green or greenish-gray; alternate; leaf shape variable; margins pinnately divided, linear lobes mostly on lower parts of plant.
Flower Color: Yellow solitary showy flowers; flower heads up to 2 inches on long slender stalks (peduncles) up to 10 inches or more, radiate heads, ray flowers 5 to 12 or more, ray florets yellow with 3 clefts on margin; numerous disk flowers appear dome shaped, maroon or purplish; fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: April to October.
Elevation: 3,500 to 7,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Upper desert scrub, sunny open clearings in pine forests, pinyon-juniper, grasslands, mesas, plains and sandy areas.
Recorded Range: Southwestern United States; AZ, CO, NM, NV, OK, TX and UT. Also native to northern and central Mexico. In northern, eastern and southern Arizona.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: 13 species in United States and Canada, 6 species in Arizona. 2 varieties of Gaillardia pinnatifida in Arizona and southwest United States:
Gaillardia pinnatifida linearis, Red Dome Blanketflower
Gaillardia pinnatifida pinnatifida, also called Red Dome Blanketflower.

Comments: Red Dome Blanketflower is a showy plant and highly variable across its wide range. In Arizona it is usually found at elevations above 3,500 feet most often along roadsides.

Gaillardia as a whole are generally referred to as the blanket flowers and many attract insects especially butterflies. Gaillardia are typically produce single flower heads in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, red, purplish, brown, white, or even bicolored. The genus was named after an M. Gaillard de Charentonneau, an 18th-century French magistrate and botanist.

Also see in Southwest Desert Flora, Firewheel, Gaillardia pulchella.

Red Dome Blanketflower is a remedy for many diseases by the Hopi and Navajo, as well as a food preservative by the Havasupai. See species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 10/26/2014; Updated, 07/25/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database Integrated Taxonomic Information System, ITIS, http://www.itis.gov/
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
National Park Service, Arches National Park, Utah, Internet Site accessed: 10/20/2014
http://www.nps.gov/arch/naturescience/asteraceae_gaillardia_pinnatifida.htm
1993, The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html (accessed 8/03/2014)
John L. Strother, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Gaillardia, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 10/26/2014)
Wikipedia contributors, 'Gaillardia', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 15 April 2014, 23:10 UTC, [accessed 20 October 2014]
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/