Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush

Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush, Southwest Desert Flora Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush, Southwest Desert Flora Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush, Southwest Desert Flora    Ericameria laricifolia, Turpentine Bush


Scientific Name: Ericameria laricifolia
Common Name: Turpentine Bush
Also Called: Ericameria, Turpentine Brush, Turpentinebush
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Aplopappus laricifolius, Haplopappus laricifolius)
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 3 feet.
Growth Form: Subshrub, shrub; stems erect or ascending, shrubby looking plant, inconspicuous, glandular, mostly hairless and aromatic (smells like turpentine).
Leaves: Small dark green, glandular, numerous and dense, narrowly linear, filiform or needlelike.
Flower Color: Golden bright yellow; radiate heads, ray flowers 3 to 6, disk flowers 6 or more, plant covered with bright yellow blooms.
Flowering Season: August to November.
Elevation: 3,000 to 6,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: More of an upland desert species, sunny open areas, pinyon-juniper and chaparral communities, slopes, canyons, mesas and dry desert washes.
Recorded Range: Southwestern United States in AZ, CA, NM, NV, TX and UT and northern Mexico. In Arizona Turpentine Bush occurs in the central, southern and western parts of the state.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Ericameria laricifolia.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available

Genus Information: 33 species in Ericameria. 9 species in Arizona.

Comments: One of the more common plants found in Arizona above 3,000 that bloom bright yellow flowers in late summer and early fall. It grows well in arid environments and dry alkaline soil and is often used in desert landscapes to achieve a more natural look. Birds and insects readily feed on Turpentine Bush and other species of Ericameria.

As a whole, the members of the genus Ericameria are generally referred to as Goldenbush, Turpentine Bush, Rabbitbrush and Rabbitbush. They all were formerly described as Aplopappus, Haplopappus or Chrysothamnus.

In Southwest Desert Flora also see Narrowleaf Goldenbush, Ericameria linearifolia and Rubber Rabbitbush, Ericameria nauseosa.

Date Profile Completed: 06/16/2012, rev. 08/03/2012; Updated, 07/25/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database Integrated Taxonomic Information System, ITIS, Fri Aug 3 2012 09:51:13 MDT, http://www.itis.gov/
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles, as Aplopappus laricifolius
The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html Fri Aug 3 08:52:28 2012
Lowell E. Urbatsch, Loran C. Anderson, Roland P. Roberts, Kurt M. Neubig, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Ericameria, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 08/03/20128)
Wikipedia contributors. "Ericameria." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 Feb. 2014. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/