Chrysactinia mexicana, Damianita
Scientific Name: Chrysactinia mexicana
Common Name: Damianita
Also Called: Calanca, False Damiana, Garanona, Hierba de San Nicolas, Mariola, Romerillo, San Nicolas, Spanish; Yeyepaxtle Hierba de San Nicolas, False Damiana, Mariola, Romerillo, Garanona, San Nicolas, Calanca, Yeyepaxtle
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Size: 1½ to 2 feet or so, width to 2 feet.
Growth Form: Shrub or subshrub; low-growing; stems erect; dense twiggy, bushy, woody base, rounded in form.
Leaves: Green, or dark green; many very small leaves, less than 1 inch; evergreen; alternate; pinnate; mostly glabrous; oil-glands present; aromatic.
Flower Color: Yellow or golden yellow; the leafy foliage apparent throughout the plant is absent on the peduncle; heads solitary; small, radiate; ray florets slender, typically 8 per head (6 to 12), disk florets 20 or more; phyllaries persistent; fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: April through September.
Elevation: 600 to 7,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Desert plains and mountains of NM and TX, mostly rocky limestone and caliche but also in sandy soils.
Recorded Range: Chrysactinia mexicana is a relatively rare species in the United States, with distribution limited to NM and TX. It is also found in northwest Mexico.
North America & US County Distribution Map for Chrysactinia mexicana.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Genus Information: In North America there is 1 species and 1 accepted taxa overall for Chrysactinia. World wide, The Plant List includes 6 accepted species names for the genus.
In the Southwestern United States there is 1 species of Chrysactinia. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.
Because it has a long blooming period and extremely heat and drought tolerance it is often used as a landscape specimen where sold and in the Phoenix and Tucson area. With proper care it has grow into a showy rounded form which is attractive in rock and other specialty gardens.
You can usually see Damianita on display at the Arizona Desert Botanical Gardens in east Phoenix, Arizona.