Chrysactinia mexicana, Damianita
Scientific Name: Chrysactinia mexicana
Common Name: Damianita
Also Called: Calanca, False Damiana, Garanona, Hierba de San Nicolas, Mariola, Romerillo, San Nicolas, and Yeyepaxtle Hierba de San Nicolas, False Damiana, Mariola, Romerillo, Garanona, San Nicolas, Calanca and Yeyepaxtle.
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: ( )
Size: 1 to 2 feet or more.
Growth Form: Shrub or subshrub; dense twiggy, very bushy with a woody base, rounded in form, stays green all year.
Leaves: Green, or dark green; many very small leaves, less than 1 inch, glandular and aromatic.
Flower Color: Yellow or golden yellow; the leafy foliage apparent throughout the plant is absent on the erect flowering stem (peduncle); the flower heads all small, less than an inch in size, both ray and disk florets, ray flowers slender, typically 8 per head (6 to 12), disk flowers 20 or more; fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: Spring, summer and fall.
Elevation: 600 to 7,000 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Desert plains and mountains of NM and TX, mostly rocky limestone and caliche but also in sandy soils.
Recorded Range: Chrysactinia mexicana is a rare species in the United States, with distribution limited to NM and TX. It is also found in northwest Mexico.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Comments: Chrisactinia mexicana or Damianita as it is commonly called in the United States is limited in distribution to rocky limestone and caliche locations in both New Mexico and Texas. It is often used as a landscape specimen in the Phoenix and Tucson area because of it adaptations to our arid conditions. You can usually see Damianita on display at the Arizona Desert Botanical Gardens in east Phoenix, Arizona.