Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Chaenactis stevioides, Esteve’s Pincushion

Chaenactis stevioides, Esteve’s Pincushion, Southwest Desert Flora Chaenactis stevioides, Esteve’s Pincushion, Southwest Desert Flora    Chaenactis stevioides, Esteve’s Pincushion, Southwest Desert Flora Chaenactis stevioides, Esteve’s Pincushion, Southwest Desert Flora    Chaenactis stevioides, Esteve’s Pincushion, Southwest Desert Flora


Scientific Name: Chaenactis stevioides
Common Name: Esteve’s Pincushion
Also Called: Pincushion Flower, Steve's Dusty Maiden, Steve's Dustymaiden, Steve's Pincushion
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Chaenactis gillespiei, Chaenactis latifolia, Chaenactis mexicana, Chaenactis stevioides var. brachypappa and Chaenactis stevioides var. thornberi)
Status: Native
Duration: Annual
Size: Up to 18 inches.
Growth Form: Forb/herb; erect, one or multiple stems, open airy branches, multiple blue-green or purplish stems; thin cobweb-like hairs, older plants glabrous.
Leaves: Green or gray-green; thin or slender, 1.5 to 2 inches or more; basal leaves larger, upper leaves reduced, bract-like; pinnately lobed with 4 or more pairs.
Flower Color: White or pinkish-white flower heads; some in light shades of yellow, disk flowers only, outer corolla tubes noticeably larger with ray-like florets; several heads on 4 inch stalks or peduncles; flower heads subtended with rigid hairy bracts or phyllaries; fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: February to May.
Elevation: 1,000 to 6,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Lower and upper deserts, arid habitats, openings in chaparral, pinyon-juniper, mesas, plains, sandy or gravelly washes.
Recorded Range: Found in the west central and southwestern United States, Baja California and northwest Mexico. This species occurs throughout most of Arizona.

North America & US County Distribution Map for Chaenactis stevioides.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Genus Information: 17 species in Chaenactis mostly in the western United States and western Canada. 6 species are found in Arizona.

Comments: Esteve’s Pincushion is a common spring bloomer heavily populated in the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts and northward into the Great Basin Desert. It is well represented throughout Arizona.

In Southwest Desert Flora see also Pebble Pincushion, Chaenactis carphoclinia var. carphoclinia.

Native Americans made an infusion of the plant to slow down heartbeats of children with fevers. See species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Date Profile Completed: 8/7/2012; Updated, 07/25/2015
References:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
The Jepson Manual, Citation: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/I_treat_indexes.html Tue Aug 7 12:13:54 2012
James D. Morefield, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Chaenactis, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 8/7/2012)
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/