Carnegiea gigantea, Giant Saguaro

Southwest Desert Flora

Home to the plants of the Sonoran, Chihuahuan and Mojave Deserts

Cirsium ochrocentrum, Yellowspine Thistle

Brickellia floribunda, Chihuahuan Brickellbush

Brickellia floribunda, Chihuahuan Brickellbush, Southwest Desert Flora Brickellia floribunda, Chihuahuan Brickellbush, Southwest Desert Flora Brickellia floribunda, Chihuahuan Brickellbush, Southwest Desert Flora

Scientific Name: Brickellia floribunda
Common Name: Chihuahuan Brickellbush
Also Called: Desert Brickellbush
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: ( )
Status: Native
Duration: Perennial
Size: Up to 4 feet tall or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, Shrubs or Subshrubs; woody at the base, stems branching, usually erect, herbage is glandular and sticky.
Leaves: Green; typically alternate, usually with stems or petioles, 3 veins or nerves prominent; the leaf has a basic triangular shape, more specifically; cordate, lanceolate and linear ovate; margins toothed (crenate or dentate) or smooth (entire).
Flower Color: White, cream or green; flowering stalk (inflorescence) with clustered small heads, up to 20 or more on tips of branches; the florets are discoid only (without ray florets); subtended (bracts) with stipes (stipate); fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: September to October.
Elevation: 3,000 to 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Rich soils, canyons, riparian areas, Pinyon Juniper, semi-desert, upper Sonoran desert species.

U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.

Recorded Range: Rare in the United States found only in Arizona and New Mexico. Also occurs in Sonora and Chihuahua. Southeastern New Mexico; in Arizona, Chihuahuan Brickellbush is found in central, northern, southern and southeast locals above 3,000 feet.
Genus Information: 36 species in Brickellia in North America. In the United States it occurs west and south of Pennsylvania; in Canada it is recorded in Alberta and British Columbia. There are 22 species in Arizona throughout the state. No verities or subspecies of Brickellia floribunda.

Comments: With so many species of Brickellia, Chihuahuan Brickellbush can be identified, in part by its clusters of florets, reflective of its species epithet “floribunda” or “many flowers”. According to Kearney and Peebles, Arizona Flora, 1960, the Hopi Indians would rub parts of the plant on their head to cure headaches.

In Southwest Desert Plants also see; Brickellbush, Brickellia californica, Coulter's Brickellbush, Brickellia coulteri and Veiny Brickellbush, Brickellia venosa.

The genus Brickellia is large according to the Flora of North America, (1960) with more than 100 species in North America, Mexico, and Central America. Because of its large number of species, the genus has several reference names including Brickellbush, Brickelbush and Brickellia. The genus is named for naturalist John Brickell (1748 – 1809).

Date Profile Completed: 10/13/2014; Updated, 07/25/2015
References:
Date Profile Completed: 10/14/2014- References: References format updated 10/13/2014
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service on-line database. ITIS search: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt (accessed 10/14/2014)
Arizona Flora, Kearney, Thomas H., Peebles, Robert H., 1960, University of California Press, Berkley and Los Angeles
Randall W. Scott, FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Brickellia, Page 492, 496, 500, Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 16+ vols. New York and Oxford. (accessed 10/14/2014)
The University of Arizona, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Yavapai County Cooperative Extension, Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants. (Accessed 10/14/2014)
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetailForb.php?genus=Brickellia&species=floribunda
Wikipedia contributors. "Brickellia." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 24 Aug. 2013. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.
SEINet for synonyms, scientific names and recorded geographic locations, http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/