Brickellia floribunda, Chihuahuan Brickellbush
Scientific Name: Brickellia floribunda
Common Name: Chihuahuan Brickellbush
Also Called: Desert Brickellbush
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: ( )
Size: Up to 4 feet tall or more.
Growth Form: Forb/herb, Shrubs or Subshrubs; woody at the base, stems branching, usually erect, herbage is glandular and sticky.
Leaves: Green; typically alternate, usually with stems or petioles, 3 veins or nerves prominent; the leaf has a basic triangular shape, more specifically; cordate, lanceolate and linear ovate; margins toothed (crenate or dentate) or smooth (entire).
Flower Color: White, cream or green; flowering stalk (inflorescence) with clustered small heads, up to 20 or more on tips of branches; the florets are discoid only (without ray florets); subtended (bracts) with stipes (stipate); fruit is an achene.
Flowering Season: September to October.
Elevation: 3,000 to 4,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Rich soils, canyons, riparian areas, Pinyon Juniper, semi-desert, upper Sonoran desert species.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: No data available.
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Genus Information: 36 species in Brickellia in North America. In the United States it occurs west and south of Pennsylvania; in Canada it is recorded in Alberta and British Columbia. There are 22 species in Arizona throughout the state. No verities or subspecies of Brickellia floribunda.
Comments: With so many species of Brickellia, Chihuahuan Brickellbush can be identified, in part by its clusters of florets, reflective of its species epithet “floribunda” or “many flowers”. According to Kearney and Peebles, Arizona Flora, 1960, the Hopi Indians would rub parts of the plant on their head to cure headaches.
The genus Brickellia is large according to the Flora of North America, (1960) with more than 100 species in North America, Mexico, and Central America. Because of its large number of species, the genus has several reference names including Brickellbush, Brickelbush and Brickellia. The genus is named for naturalist John Brickell (1748 – 1809).