Anaphalis margaritacea, Western Pearly Everlasting
Scientific Name: Anaphalis margaritacea
Common Name: Western Pearly Everlasting
Also Called: Common Pearleverlasting, Common Pearly Everlasting, Pearly Everlasting, Western Pearlyeverlasting
Family: Asteraceae, Sunflower Family
Synonyms: (Anaphalis lanata, Anaphalis margaritacea var. angustior, Anaphalis m. var. intercedens, Anaphalis m. var. occidentalis, Anaphalis m. var. revoluta, Anaphalis m. var. subalpina, Anaphalis occidentalis, Antennaria margaritacea, Gnaphalium margaritaceum, Nacrea lanata)
Size: Up to 3 feet.
Growth Form: subshrub; erect stem, white, (tomentose).
Leaves: Dark green to gray-green above; woolly white under; 3 to 5 inches, alternate, linear or linear-oblong; margins entire; revolute.
Flower Color: Pearly white "flowers"; male and female flowers, yellow or brownish; flower heads in flat-topped clusters; inflorescence branching from upper stems in cymose panicles; disk florets surrounded by tiny pearly white bracts or phyllaries, outer phyllaries ovate, inner phyllaries nearly linear; fruit an achene with white hairs.
Flowering Season: July to October, late summer, benefits from monsoon rainfall.
Elevation: 4,500 to 8,500 feet.
Habitat Preferences: Various higher elevation habitats, pine forests, uplands, woodlands, sunny openings, roadsides and disturbed sites.
Recorded Range: Anaphalis margaritacea is found throughout most of the United States, Canada, Baja California and northern Mexico. It is absent in the central and eastern southern United States. In Arizona it is found in the north, east and southern parts of the state.
North America & US County Distribution Map for Anaphalis margaritacea.
U.S. Weed Information: No data available.
Invasive/Noxious Weed Information: No data available.
Wetland Indicator: In North America Anaphalis margaritacea has the following wetland designations: Alaska, UPL; Arid West, FACU; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, UPL; Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, UPL; Great Plains, FACU; Midwest, FACU; Northcentral & Northeast, FACU; Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast, FACU.
UPL = Obligate Upland, almost never occur in wetlands
FACU = Facultative Upland, usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands
Threatened/Endangered Information: No data available.
Genus Information: In North America there is 1species and 1 accepted taxa overall for Anaphalis. World wide, The Plant List includes 113 accepted species names and includes a further 110 of infraspecific rank for the genus.
In the Southwestern United State there is 1 species of Anaphalis. All data is approximate and subject to taxonomic changes.
Comments: Western Pearly Everlasting is a high elevation attractive conspicuous showy plant. It is a whitish wooly looking subshrub native to most of North America. It has been cultured as an ornamental both in the United States and Europe, where it is now naturalized.
The persisting "flowers" are actually dried pearly white bracts or phyllaries that surround the numerous yellow or brownish disk flowers, making it a natural for artificial flower arrangements. Western Pearly Everlasting attracts a host of insects including butterflies.
A poultice of boiled leaves was applied to burns and the leaves were smoked or chewed for the common cold. See full species account from Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn.